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INTRODUCTION The objective of this study was to directly compare the safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) and TNF inhibitors (TNFIs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in clinical practice. METHODS This prospective cohort study included RA patients starting TCZ [TCZ group, n=302, 224.68 patient-years (PY)] or TNFIs [TNFI group, n=304, 231.01 PY] from 2008 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between continuous treatments with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists and risk for developing serious infections (SIs) over 3 years in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in the Registry of Japanese RA Patients for Long-Term Safety (REAL) database. METHODS We analyzed 727 RA patients who had(More)
INTRODUCTION Chemerin is a chemotactic agonist identified as a ligand for ChemR23 that is expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we analyzed the expression of chemerin and ChemR23 in the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the stimulatory effects of chemerin on fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from RA patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare reasons for discontinuation and drug retention rates per reason among anticytokine therapies, infliximab, etanercept and tocilizumab, and the risk of discontinuation of biological agents due to adverse events (AE) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD This prospective cohort study included Japanese RA patients who started(More)
To investigate changes in the risk for serious infections (SIs) over time in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFIs). This prospective cohort study included Japanese RA patients who began treatment with a TNFI from 2005 to 2007 (2005 group, n = 716, 634.2 patient years [PY]) and from 2008 to 2011(More)
Intraarticular gene transfer of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors to suppress synovial cell cycling has shown efficacy in treating animal models of rheumatoid arthritis. Endogenous CDK inhibitors also modulate immune function via a CDK-independent pathway. Accordingly, systemic administration of small molecules that inhibit CDK may or may not(More)
OBJECTIVE To substantiate a pathogenic role of cytotoxic CD8 T cells in the development of a murine polymyositis model, C protein-induced myositis (CIM). METHODS Beta(2)-microglobulin-null mutant, perforin-null mutant, and wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice were immunized with skeletal muscle C protein fragments to provoke CIM. Regional lymph node CD8 or CD4 T(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate structural damage and physical disability in patients with elderly-onset RA (EORA) who were treated in clinical practice with a therapeutic strategy targeting low disease activity (LDA). METHODS Data from 151 MTX-naive patients (mean age 74.9 years) with EORA from a prospective, monocentric registry were(More)
Elderly rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is classified into two clinical subsets, elderly-onset RA (EORA) and younger-onset elderly RA. With the improvement of life expectancy in the general population and advent of the super-aging society, the number of patients with EORA is anticipated to increase. Both large and small joints are affected initially at onset, and(More)