We present experimental transmission results for a novel 6-core coupled-core fibre with 125 µm cladding diameter. We transmit combined 2-polarization, 6-SDM and 30-WDM channels over a distance of 1705 km, with a spectral-efficiency-distance product of 30690 bit/s/Hz km.
The Mott-Anderson transition has been known as a metal-insulator (MI) transition due to both strong electron-electron interaction and randomness of the electrons. For example, the MI transition in doped semiconductors and transition metal oxides has been investigated up to now as a typical example of the Mott-Anderson transition for changing electron… (More)
The Mott metal-insulator transition, a paradigm of strong electron-electron correlations, has been considered as a source of intriguing phenomena. Despite its importance for a wide range of materials, fundamental aspects of the transition, such as its universal properties, are still under debate. We report detailed measurements of relative length changes… (More)
The alien woody legume, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), has invaded Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) forests located in Japan’s coastal plain and hill regions where gaps are formed in pine forests after nematode infestation. Nitrogen fixation by legumes accelerates N cycling in forest ecosystems. We studied temporal change in the annual tree-ring… (More)
Dynamical localization, that is, reduction of the intersite electronic transfer integral t by an alternating electric field, E(ω), is a promising strategy for controlling strongly correlated systems with a competing energy balance between t and the Coulomb repulsion energy. Here we describe a charge localization induced by the 9.3 MV cm(-1) instantaneous… (More)