Takahiko Kobayashi

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Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were carried out for 35 Akabane virus (AKAV) field isolates collected from Japan, Taiwan, Australia and Kenya, and for one Tinaroo virus (TINV). Of the three RNA segments, the M RNA segment encoding the glycoproteins that induce neutralization antibodies was the most variable among the isolates. The difference in the M(More)
BACKGROUND The cag pathogenicity island (cag PAI) is a major virulence factor. The ability of Helicobacter pylori to adhere to gastric epithelial cells is an important initial step for virulence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between genetic variations of cag PAI in Japanese clinical isolates and the ability of H. pylori to adhere(More)
Since it is reported that adrenomedullin (AM) upregulated by hypoxia inhibits hypoxic cell death, we examined the effects of AM antagonist (AM C-terminal fragment; AM(22-52)) on the growth of pancreatic cancer cells. We, for the first time, demonstrated that AM antagonist significantly reduced the in vivo growth of the pancreatic cancer cell line.(More)
Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPN) are rare pancreatic tumors. The etiology of SPN involves mutations in the gene that encodes β-catenin (CTNNB1). We herein report the case of a 23-year-old woman with a large SPN with proliferating tumor cells that displayed both solid and pseudo-papillary patterns. The simultaneous nuclear accumulation and loss of(More)
OBJECTIVE Cord blood contains a significant number of precursor cells that differentiate to cytotoxic effector cells and immunoregulatory cells. We tried to expand inhibitory natural killer cell receptor CD94-expressing CD8 T cells with cytolytic activity and CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells from the same cord cell unit. METHODS Cytotoxic CD94-expressing(More)
RBM5 (RNA-binding motif protein 5) is a nuclear RNA binding protein containing 2 RNA recognition motifs. The RBM5 gene is located at the tumor suppressor locus 3p21.3. Deletion of this locus is the most frequent genetic alteration in lung cancer, but is also found in other human cancers. RBM5 is known to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest but the(More)
Rapamycin has important roles in the modulation of regulatory T cells. We tried to expand CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells) from umbilical cord blood (CB) CD4-positive cells using interleukin (IL)-15 or IL-2 with transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and rapamycin. We were able to obtain more than 500-fold expansion of CD4(+)CD25(+) cells from CB(More)
Inhibitory natural killer cell receptor (NKR)-expressing cells may induce a graft-versus-leukemia/tumor (GVL/T) effect against leukemic cells and tumor cells that have mismatched or decreased expression of HLA class I molecules and may not cause graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) against host cells that have normal expression of HLA class I molecules. In our(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS It has not been determined whether low-grade squamous dysplasia (LGD) of the esophagus is a precancerous lesion or not. If LGD progresses to squamous cell carcinoma, early carcinoma lesions that have such a natural history might contain a remaining LGD component. METHODS The lesions in the 68 patients with early invasive squamous cell(More)
In the present study, we investigated subpopulations of natural killer (NK) cells and the expression of stimulatory and inhibitory NK receptors after adult blood and bone marrow transplantation (BBMT) and cord blood transplantation (CBT). There were significant increases in CD16(+)CD56(dim) cell proportion and in absolute number in peripheral blood(More)