Takahiko Kawarabayashi

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BACKGROUND The no-reflow phenomenon is associated with poor functional and clinical outcomes for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In the era of primary intervention, accurately identifying lesions at high risk of no reflow is of crucial importance. At present, no study into the relationship between lesion morphology and no reflow has been(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between circulating monocytes and in-stent neointimal volume at six-month follow-up. BACKGROUND In-stent neointimal hyperplasia is the main contributing factor to in-stent restenosis. There is increasing evidence that white blood cells (WBCs), especially monocytes, play a central role in(More)
Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) was known as a conventional predictor of heart failure (HF). However, early transmitral flow velocity (E)/early diastolic velocity of mitral annulus (E') correlated well with LV end-diastolic pressure, and E/E' ratio >15 was an excellent predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with HF. This study was designed(More)
Significant decreases in the levels of both carbonic anhydrase type B and total esterase activity of human erythrocytes were observed after physical exercise (bicycle ergometer, 150 W for 30 min). Since carbonic anhydrase B-dependent esterase activity likewise decreased, the decrease in the total esterase activity would be caused by the decrease of carbonic(More)
Studies have reported a circadian variation in the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Pathologic studies have revealed that plaque rupture is 1 of the major causes of AMI, but none of these has looked specifically at the circadian variation of plaque rupture. The aim of this study was to use intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to investigate the(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important for resorption of extracellular matrixes and may degrade the fibrous cap of an atherosclerotic plaque, thus contributing to coronary plaque rupture. Histologic studies have shown MMP expression in lesions of acute coronary syndrome. In this study, we evaluated the relation between plaque morphology as obtained(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate how decreased plaque volume during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) affects coronary flow in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND Coronary flow after reperfusion therapy is a major determinant of clinical outcomes in patients with AMI. However, little is still known about the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between lesion morphology identified by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) before intervention and angiographic distal embolization after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). PCI for AMI has already been established as beneficial therapy, although some(More)
BACKGROUND Although many studies on Brugada syndrome have been done, with many reports of genetic findings and clinical features, little evidence exists to support the role of this syndrome in sudden cardiac death in a juvenile population. We sought to determine the prevalence and clinical course in children exhibiting Brugada-type ECG in a community-based(More)
BACKGROUND Oolong tea has been studied for its effect on cardiovascular disease and obesity. Plasma adiponectin levels are reduced in obesity, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and in coronary artery disease (CAD). OBJECTIVE To investigate prospectively, whether intake of Oolong tea influences plasma adiponectin levels, low-density lipoprotein(More)