Takaharu Yoshinaga

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The production of inflammatory cytokines from macrophages (Mphi), upon stimulation with plasmid DNA (pDNA) containing CpG motifs, is a critical process for DNA-based therapies such as DNA vaccination and gene therapy. We compared Mphi activation, following stimulation with naked pDNA, based on the production of cytokines from cell lines (RAW264.7 and(More)
Nucleosome is the major autoantigen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), such as macrophages (M Phis) and dendritic cells (DCs), play the central roles in the acquisition of Ag-specific immune responses and activation of such APCs is required for the efficient Ag-presentation. Therefore, adjuvant activity of(More)
In spite of the important roles of dendritic cells in DNA-based therapies, the cellular uptake mechanism of plasmid DNA (pDNA) in dendritic cells is poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the binding and uptake of pDNA in vitro using a murine dendritic cell line, DC2.4 cells. A significant and time-dependent cellular association(More)
DNA/anti-DNA Ab immune complexes seem to play the critical roles in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, little is known about the removal of DNA by MPhi and DC. We found that elicited peritoneal MPhis and BM-derived DCs from a lupus-prone strain of New Zealand Black/White F(1) (NZB/W) mice showed impaired DNA uptake and(More)
Unmethylated CpG motifs in bacterial DNA, but not in vertebrate DNA, are known to trigger an inflammatory response of antigen-presenting cells (APC). In this study, we investigated the cytokine release from murine dendritic cells (DC) by the addition of various types of DNA in the free or complexed form with cationic lipids. Naked plasmid DNA and(More)
The immunocytochemical localization of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) in porcine testes was examined by applying an indirect-immunofluorescence method using an antiporcine testicular 17β-HSD antibody. Only the Leydig cells located in the interstitial tissue exhibited a positive immunoreaction for 17β-HSD: the germ cells and Sertoli cells located(More)
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