Takaharu Ueno

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A low-molecular-weight myosin has been purified 1500-fold from extracts of Dictyostelium discoideum, based on the increase in K+,EDTA-ATPase specific activity. The purified enzyme resembles the single-headed, low-molecular-weight myosins IA and IB from Acanthamoeba castellanii, and differs from the conventional two-headed, high-molecular-weight myosin(More)
The life cycle of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is tightly coupled to the differentiation program of their host epithelial cells. HPV E4 gene expression is first observed in the parabasal layers of squamous epithelia, suggesting that the E4 gene product contributes to the mechanism of differentiation-dependent virus replication, although its biological(More)
In this study, we have identified protein kinase A-interacting protein 1 (AKIP1) as a binding partner of NF-kappaB p65 subunit, and AKIP1 enhances the NF-kappaB-mediated gene expression. AKIP1 is a nuclear protein and known to interact with the catalytic subunit of PKA (PKAc). We identified AKIP1 by a yeast two-hybrid screen using the N terminus region of(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is causally associated with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), an aggressive T-cell malignancy with a poor prognosis. To elucidate ATL pathogenesis in vivo, a variety of animal models have been established; however, the mechanisms driving this disorder remain poorly understood due to deficiencies in each of these animal(More)
Downregulation of virus receptors on the cell surface is considered to be important in preventing superinfection. HIV-1 encodes multiple gene products, Env, Vpu, and Nef, involved in downregulation of CD4, a major HIV-1 receptor. We found that simultaneous mutations in both vpu and nef severely impaired virus replication. We examined the involvement of CD4(More)
Pharmacological manipulations to purge human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from latent reservoirs have been considered as an adjuvant therapeutic approach to highly-active antiretroviral therapy for the eradication of HIV. Our novel histone deacetylase inhibitor NCH-51 induced expression of latent HIV-1 with minimal cytotoxicity. Using chromatin(More)
Most human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancers contain integrated copies of the viral genome in their chromosomes and express the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7. A virus-encoded transcription factor, E2, is known to repress E6/E7 expression in HPV-positive cancer cells, leading to growth inhibition, which indicates that E6/E7 is required for the(More)
Risk for HAM/TSP development is known to differ among the subtypes of HTLV-1. In Japan, incident rate of HAM/ TSP in carrier people infected with cosmopolitan type A is 2.5 times higher than those with cosmopolitan type B. Although HTLV-1 of cosmopolitan type A is also prevalent in Jamaica and northern part of Iran, the rate of HAM/TSP development in this(More)
HTLV-1 infection leads to adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) after long latent infection period. We have established an HTLV-1-infected humanized NOG mouse model to analyze the mechanism of ATL development. Humanized mice were inoculated with Jurkat-based HTLV-1 producing cells, JEX, into peritoneal cavity to infect human T-cells with HTLV-1. Infected T-cells(More)
Two Triton-insoluble fractions were isolated from Acanthamoeba castellanii. The major non-membrane proteins in both fractions were actin (30-40%), myosin II (4-9%), myosin I (1-5%), and a 55-kD polypeptide (10%). The 55-kD polypeptide did not react with antibodies against tubulins from turkey brain, paramecium, or yeast. All of these proteins were much more(More)