Takaharu Kozakai

Learn More
Endothelin (ET)-2, an ET family peptide, is highly expressed in intestine. However, the specific distribution and function of ET-2 remain unknown. We elucidated the expression profile and localization of ET-2 in mouse gastrointestinal tract. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that ET-2 gene expression in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy animals was(More)
OBJECTIVE The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a fibrous connective tissue composed of heterogeneous cell types, including PDL fibroblasts. It is not clear whether cells within the PDL fibroblast population retain the potency to differentiate into other cell types. DESIGN In the present study, clonal cell lines, derived from Clawn miniature swine PDLs, were(More)
AIMS The function, regulation and gene expression of the endothelin (ET) system in the intestine is not well understood. We investigated the dependence on feeding schedule and biological clock of the regulation of ET-1 gene expression in mouse colon. MAIN METHODS Mice were fed freely, fasted for 48 h and re-fed after fasting. KEY FINDINGS Where(More)
We have developed a simple method for rapid detection of mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures using SYBR Green-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). To detect eight common contaminant mollicutes, including Mycoplasma (M. arginini, M. fermentans, M. orale, M. hyorhinis, M. hominis, M. salivarium, M. pirum) and Acholeplasma laidlawii, four(More)
In an attempt to understand the significance of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC)/ET-2 peptides in organs during perinatal development, we performed quantitative analysis of ET-1 and VIC gene expression in mouse organs obtained from embryos at days 14 and 17 (E-14 and E-17) of pregnancy, neonates at days 0, 1, 3 and 7 after(More)
In an attempt to understand the roles of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and vasoactive intestinal contractor/endothelin-2 (VIC/ET-2), we have studied the genes for both peptides to be expressed in the mammary gland of lactating mice. We observed through real-time PCR analysis that ET-1 and VIC/ET-2 gene expression gradually increase after parturition and that ET-1(More)
The endothelin-B (ETB) receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor that binds endothelin ligands and is essential for the development of epidermal melanocytes and enteric neurons. Recent reports indicate that ETB is localized to nuclei in cardiac ventricular myocytes, although it has been thought that ETB is localized mainly on the plasma membrane. It remains(More)
Vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC) is a member of the endothelin (ET) family. We have investigated the regional distribution of VIC/ET-2 and of ET-1 gene expression in the adult murine brain and pituitary gland. We used real-time quantitative reverse transcription-linked polymerase chain reaction. VIC/ET-2 gene expression was observed at high levels in(More)
OBJECTIVE The endothelin (ET) system is influenced by a variety of stress conditions in many tissues. However, the effects of nutrient stress conditions on ET expression and its function are not well understood in the intestinal tract, while ET-1 gene expression and peptide were found in the intestinal tract. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
We discovered that luteolin, a typical flavonoid contained in various kinds of plants, inhibits the secretion and gene expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor regulating blood pressure, in porcine aortic endothelial cells. Its ED50 was about 10 microM. In addition, the inhibition of ET-1 by a glycoside compound of luteolin(More)