Takaharu Kozakai

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We have developed a simple method for rapid detection of mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures using SYBR Green-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). To detect eight common contaminant mollicutes, including Mycoplasma (M. arginini, M. fermentans, M. orale, M. hyorhinis, M. hominis, M. salivarium, M. pirum) and Acholeplasma laidlawii, four(More)
AIMS The function, regulation and gene expression of the endothelin (ET) system in the intestine is not well understood. We investigated the dependence on feeding schedule and biological clock of the regulation of ET-1 gene expression in mouse colon. MAIN METHODS Mice were fed freely, fasted for 48 h and re-fed after fasting. KEY FINDINGS Where(More)
Cell migration occurs by activation of complex regulatory pathways that are spatially and temporally integrated in response to extracellular cues. Binding of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) to the microtubule plus ends in polarized cells is regulated by glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β). This event is crucial for establishment of cell polarity during(More)
OBJECTIVE The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a fibrous connective tissue composed of heterogeneous cell types, including PDL fibroblasts. It is not clear whether cells within the PDL fibroblast population retain the potency to differentiate into other cell types. DESIGN In the present study, clonal cell lines, derived from Clawn miniature swine PDLs, were(More)
Endothelin (ET)-2, an ET family peptide, is highly expressed in intestine. However, the specific distribution and function of ET-2 remain unknown. We elucidated the expression profile and localization of ET-2 in mouse gastrointestinal tract. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that ET-2 gene expression in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy animals was(More)
Vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC) is a member of the endothelin (ET) family. We have investigated the regional distribution of VIC/ET-2 and of ET-1 gene expression in the adult murine brain and pituitary gland. We used real-time quantitative reverse transcription-linked polymerase chain reaction. VIC/ET-2 gene expression was observed at high levels in(More)
In an attempt to understand the significance of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC)/ET-2 peptides in organs during perinatal development, we performed quantitative analysis of ET-1 and VIC gene expression in mouse organs obtained from embryos at days 14 and 17 (E-14 and E-17) of pregnancy, neonates at days 0, 1, 3 and 7 after(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of angiogenesis under various physiological and pathological conditions. We found that the VEGF isoforms VEGF120, VEGF164, and VEGF188 were expressed in the bovine mammary gland and bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs). Expression of VEGF in the mammary gland was significantly higher during the(More)
In an attempt to understand the roles of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and vasoactive intestinal contractor/endothelin-2 (VIC/ET-2), we have studied the genes for both peptides to be expressed in the mammary gland of lactating mice. We observed through real-time PCR analysis that ET-1 and VIC/ET-2 gene expression gradually increase after parturition and that ET-1(More)
The endothelin-B (ETB) receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor that binds endothelin ligands and is essential for the development of epidermal melanocytes and enteric neurons. Recent reports indicate that ETB is localized to nuclei in cardiac ventricular myocytes, although it has been thought that ETB is localized mainly on the plasma membrane. It remains(More)