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AIM To summarize the annual nationwide survey on fulminant hepatitis (FH) and late-onset hepatic failure (LOHF) between 2004 and 2009 in Japan. METHODS The annual survey was performed in a two-step questionnaire process to detail the clinical profile and prognosis of patients in special hospitals. RESULTS Four hundred and sixty (n = 227 acute type; n =(More)
Serum pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators in patients with acute liver diseases were assessed to clarify the clinical significance of these measurements in relation to disease severity. Concentrations of circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, and soluble TNF receptors (sTNFR) p55 and p75 were measured at(More)
Leflunomide is a novel immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether leflunomide protects from liver injury induced by concanavalin A (Con A), a T-cell-dependent model of liver damage. BALB/c mice were injected with 25 mg/kg Con A in the presence or absence of 30 mg/kg(More)
Obesity-related metabolic abnormalities, including adipokine imbalance and chronic inflammation, are involved in liver carcinogenesis. Chemerin, a novel adipokine, plays a critical role in adipogenesis, energy metabolism, and inflammation. We evaluated the impact of serum chemerin levels on liver functional reserves in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
To describe a case of autosomal-dominant (AD)-chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) with a signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 gene mutation, and some of the important complications of this disease such as chronic hepatitis. We present a 23-year-old woman with CMC, chronic active hepatitis, and hypothyroidism. Her father also had(More)
Human hepatocytes usually are resistant to TNF-alpha cytotoxicity. In mouse or rat hepatocytes, repression of NF-kappaB activation is sufficient to induce TNF-alpha-mediated apoptosis. However, in both Huh-7 human hepatoma cells and Hc human normal hepatocytes, when infected with an adenovirus expressing a mutated form of IkappaBalpha (Ad5IkappaB), which(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) binding to the TNF receptor (TNFR) initiates apoptosis and simultaneously activates the transcription factor, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which suppresses apoptosis by an unknown mechanism. Pretreatment with TNF-alpha or interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), which activated NF-kappaB in the liver, dramatically(More)
The diagnostic criteria of fulminant hepatitis in Japan are different from those of acute liver failure in Europe and the United States, both in regard to the histological features in the liver and the cutoff values of the prothrombin time. Thus, the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Disease Study Group established novel diagnostic criteria for "acute liver(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF-4alpha), a liver-specific transcription factor, plays a significant role in many liver-specific functions, including lipid, glucose, drug, and ammonia metabolism, and also in embryonal liver development. However, its functions and regulation are not yet clearly understood. In this study, we constructed an adenovirus(More)
AIM Accurate assessment of the coagulated area is imperative to achieve an excellent outcome from percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with the contrast-enhancing agent Sonazoid for precisely assessing the therapeutic effect of(More)