Takafumi Mayama

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We identified a p53 target gene, phosphate-activated mitochondrial glutaminase (GLS2), a key enzyme in conversion of glutamine to glutamate, and thereby a regulator of glutathione (GSH) synthesis and energy production. GLS2 expression is induced in response to DNA damage or oxidative stress in a p53-dependent manner, and p53 associates with the GLS2(More)
The neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), a member of the glucagon/vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) superfamily, stimulates cyclic AMP accumulation initiating a variety of biological processes such as: neurotropic actions, immune and pituitary function, learning and memory, catecholamine biosynthesis and regulation of(More)
We investigated genetic alterations of the p53 gene in two patients with multiple primary oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCs). We found that each primary tumour could be distinguished by mutation of p53. Moreover, mutations detected in the p53 gene in metastatic lymph nodes were the same as those detected in at least one of the primary tumours. Our(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene mutations may cause familial or sporadic generalized glucocorticoid resistance syndrome. Most of the missense forms distribute in the ligand-binding domain and impair its ligand-binding activity and formation of the activation function (AF)-2 that binds LXXLL motif-containing coactivators. We performed molecular dynamics(More)
An immunohistochemical study on the temporal expression of c-Fos and c-Jun, both of which designate proto-oncogene products, was performed on 60 human skin wounds with different post-infliction intervals. In unwounded skin, c-Fos or c-Jun was immunolocalized at the nuclei of the epidermal cells in the basal layer, hair follicle cells and sweat gland cells.(More)
CONTEXT Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-producing tumor that originates from adrenal chromaffin cells and is capable of secreting various hormones, including ACTH. CASE DESCRIPTION A 56-year-old female presented with Cushingoid appearance and diabetic ketoacidosis. Endocrinological examinations demonstrated ectopic ACTH production with(More)
To understand the molecular pathogenesis of human esophageal cancer, we performed a comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis using 10 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas. Frequent gains of 1q, 3q, 7p, 7q, 8q, 11q, and 20q and losses of 3p, 4p, 4q, 5q, 9p, 11p, 11q, 13q, 18q, 21q, and Y were observed. Among these regions, 21q has not yet been(More)
We investigated human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma using microsatellite markers on the long arm of chromosome 21 (21q) and found frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH). The frequency of LOH was more than 50% in most of the microsatellite markers examined. Whole chromosome deletion suspected cases were observed in 25% of all cases. No case with(More)
Glucocorticoids have strong regulatory actions on the immune system and act as potent therapeutic compounds for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. We previously reported that the long noncoding RNA growth arrest-specific 5 (Gas5), which accumulates inside the cells in response to cellular starvation/growth arrest, functions as a potent repressor of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The incidence and risk factors for symptomatic vertebral fracture were analyzed in glucocorticoid-treated male patients. METHODS This was an observational cohort study at Shimoshizu National Hospital in Japan. Analyzed were 161 male patients newly treated with high-dose glucocorticoid (≥20 mg/day prednisolone equivalent) (initial age: 53.5±16.9,(More)