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The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor Ascl1 plays crucial roles in both oligodendrocyte development and neuronal development; however, the molecular target of Ascl1 in oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) remains elusive. To identify the downstream targets of Ascl1 in OPCs, we performed gene expression microarray analysis and identified(More)
Schwann cells are an important cell source for regenerative therapy for neural disorders. We investigated the role of the transcription factor sex determining region Y (SRY)-box 10 (SOX10) in the proliferation and myelination of Schwann cells. SOX10 is predominantly expressed in rat sciatic nerve-derived Schwann cells and is induced shortly after birth.(More)
After organ transplantation, severe osteoporosis is occasionally seen, and the use of immunosuppressants is thought to be one of the causes of such osteoporosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of FK506 monotherapy on bones and determined the mechanism of onset of osteoporosis, both by assessing chronological changes in bone metabolism and(More)
Repair of bone defects remains a major concern in plastic and maxillofacial surgery. Based on modern concepts of tissue engineering, periosteum has gained attention as a suitable osteogenic material. We tested the hypothesis that surgically released and immediately repositioned periosteum would exhibit high osteogenic capacity upon grafting in a rat(More)
Various fluoride compounds are widely used in industry. The present risk assessment study was conducted using a series of inorganic binary fluorides of the type XFn, where Xn = Na+, K+, Li+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Al3+, Nd3+, La3+, Ce3+, Sm3+, Gd3+, Y3+, Yb2+, and Zn2+. The aqueous solutions of these salts were orally administrated to 16 experimental(More)
Rubidium has been considered to be nontoxic. Its use includes thin film on glass deposition and as medical contrast medium. Recent technology innovations also involve the use of rubidium, but there is limited information about the biological effects of its various compounds. In the present risk assessment study, a series of rubidium compounds with different(More)
We recently reported that circulating apolipoprotein AII (apoAII) isoforms apoAII-ATQ/AT (C-terminal truncations of the apoAII homo-dimer) decline significantly in pancreatic cancer and thus might serve as plasma biomarkers for the early detection of this disease. We report here the development of novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for(More)
Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) died after 5 days of co-culture with an oral carcinoma cell line (HSC-4). However, the HSC-4 cells did not change in either mitotic character or shape. We analyzed the changes in the mitotic activity and DNA synthetic activity of NHEK in co-culture with the HSC-4 cells. The mitotic index of the NHEK decreased(More)
Grafted periosteum is known to have potential for heterotopic bone formation by endochondral ossification. Although osteochondrogenic cells have been thought to originate from the osteogenic layer in grafted periosteum, no histological report has yet demonstrated this. The present study was designed to elucidate the origin of chondrogenesis preceding bone(More)
INTRODUCTION The pathogenetic features of rheumatoid arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are not well defined. In this paper the histological features of TMJs affected by rheumatoid arthritis, and the detection of secondary amyloidosis and macrophage populations in the TMJs of two patients with progressive rheumatoid arthritis are described. (More)