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This paper presents a construction-inspecific model of multiword expression decomposability based on latent semantic analysis. We use latent semantic analysis to determine the similarity between a multiword expression and its constituent words, and claim that higher similarities indicate greater decomposability. We test the model over English noun-noun(More)
The translation of compound nouns is a major issue in machine translation due to their frequency of occurrence and high productivity. Various shallow methods have been proposed to translate compound nouns, notable amongst which are memory-based machine translation and word-to-word com-positional machine translation. This paper describes the results of a(More)
Production of d-lactic acid from rice bran, one of the most abundant agricultural by-products in Japan, is studied. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii IFO 3202 and defatted rice bran powder after squeezing rice oil were used for the production. Since the rice bran contains polysaccharides as starch and cellulose, we coupled saccharification with(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a complex of beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) granules, collagen, and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) on cortical bone repair in rabbits. Segmental bone defects of 5 mm in length were created in the middle of the tibial shaft. The defect was stabilized with a plate and screws, and was filled(More)
In this paper we describe the motivation for and construction of a new Japanese lexical resource: the Hinoki treebank. The treebank is built from dictionary definition sentences, and uses an HPSG grammar to encode the syntactic and semantic information. We then show how this treebank can be used to extract thesaurus information from definition sentences in(More)
A rapid antigen kit for the detection of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae ribosomal protein L7/L12 using an immunochromatographic assay, Ribotest Mycoplasma, became available in Japan in 2013. To determine the sensitivity of Ribotest compared with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we prospectively performed these two tests simultaneously in adolescent and(More)
The effects of biological pretreatment of rice straw using four white-rot fungi (Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Trametes versicolor, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, and Pleurotus ostreatus) were evaluated on the basis of quantitative and structural changes in the components of the pretreated rice straw as well as susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis. Of these(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a complex of beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) granules and 3.5% hyaluronate (beta-TCP granules-HY complex) compared with a beta-TCP block, in terms of osteoconductivity and biodegradability, to determine whether this complex would be a good candidate for bone void filler. Both materials were(More)
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has distinct effects on biologic mineralization at intensities of <100 mW/cm2. Intensity-dependent differences in the pattern of accelerated mineralization may be due to different alterations in regulation of collagenous matrix formation. However, little is known about the influence of LIPUS on collagen metabolism in(More)