Takaaki Shikano

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The cell-surface molecule Cd9, a member of the transmembrane-4 superfamily, interacts with the integrin family and other membrane proteins. and is postulated to participate in cell migration and adhesion. Expression of Cd9 enhances membrane fusion between muscle cells and promotes viral infection in some cells. Fertilization also involves membrane fusion,(More)
Hamster sperm extract (SE) possessing Ca2+ oscillation-inducing activity was microinjected into the peripheral or central region of mouse eggs, and the first increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), together with the spread of fluorescence-labeled SE in the ooplasm, was investigated by imaging with confocal microscopy. Injection into the(More)
We analyzed the incidence of neurological complications in 77 patients receiving stem cell transplantation (SCT), and 12 patients (15.8%) had the following symptoms: convulsions, intracranial hemorrhage, and leukoencephalopathy. Although statistically not significant, neurological complications were seen more frequently in patients after allogeneic(More)
OBJECTIVE alpha-fodrin is a recently identified autoantigen associated with adult primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). We tested whether anti-alpha-fodrin antibody could also be used as a diagnostic marker for childhood SS. METHODS We performed immunoblot analysis of sera from 7 patients with childhood primary SS using glutathione-S-transferase alpha-fodrin(More)
To facilitate the diagnosis of bone marrow metastasis in neuroblastoma, we have developed a method of amplifying and detecting the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA sequence in bone marrow cells using a combination of reverse transcription and the polymerase chain reaction (RT/PCR). By this method, the sequence of TH was detected clearly in the neuroblastoma(More)
Of 34 infants less than 1 year of age with acute leukemia, 20 had an 11q23 translocation (group I), 8 had t(4;11), 5 had t(11;19), 3 had t(1;11), 2 had t(10;11), 1 had t(9;11), and the other had an 11q+ chromosome. Nine had other chromosome changes (group II), including t(1;19), t(8;14), 5q- chromosome, or +8 in one each, and a translocation involving 7p22(More)
It is widely accepted that mature mammalian oocytes are induced to resume meiosis by a sperm-borne oocyte-activating factor(s) (sperm factor, SF) immediately after normal fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. The SF is most likely a soluble factor that is localized within the cytoplasm of mature spermatozoa, but the exact stage at which it(More)
To clarify the clinical and genetic features of Burkitt lymphoma with or without leukemic presentation, we have conducted clinical, cytogenetic, and genetic studies. Of 40 Japanese patients with Burkitt lymphoma examined by cytogenetic and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis or Southern blot analysis using MYC probes, 35 patients had t(8;14)(More)
We have investigated the alterations of p53 and ras genes including H-, K-, and N-ras genes in 22 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases and five cell lines carrying t(1;19) by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and direct sequencing. The mutations of the p53 gene were found in 2 of 20(More)
High-dose busulfan (BU) is widely used in combined chemotherapy before allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation. Convulsions are reported as a side-effect of high-dose BU. We recorded electroencephalograms (EEGs) before and on the third day of BU administration in 22 patients. Abnormal EEGs were observed on the third day in 13 cases (59%). These(More)