Takaaki Isshiki

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Efonidipine, a derivative of dihydropyridine Ca(2+) antagonist, is known to block both L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels. It remains to be clarified, however, whether efonidipine affects other voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel subtypes such as N-, P/Q- and R-types, and whether the optical isomers of efonidipine have different selectivities in blocking these(More)
Anatomic variations of the radial artery and their effect on the use of the radial artery as a route for transradial coronary intervention (TRI) were studied. Ultrasonography of the radial artery was performed prospectively in 115 patients selected to undergo elective TRI. Anatomic variations were observed in 11 of 115 patients (9.6%). Variations included(More)
1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca(2+) antagonists have recently been shown to block T-type Ca(2+) channels, which may render favorable actions on cardiovascular systems. However, this evaluation remains to be done systematically for each T-type Ca(2+) channel subtype except for the Ca(v)3.1 (alpha(1G)) subtype. To address this issue at the molecular level,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated safety and efficacy of upfront thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND Distal embolization during primary PCI results in reduced myocardial perfusion and poor clinical outcomes. METHODS The VAMPIRE (VAcuuM(More)
To evaluate noninvasive markers for determining the reperfusion status without coronary angiography (CAG) or serial blood sampling in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), two markers were examined: (1) serum myoglobin (Mb) level and (2) serum myoglobin/creatine kinase ratio (Mb/CK). Before emergency CAG a blood sample was drawn from 72 AMI(More)
BACKGROUND Recent investigations have demonstrated the ability of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to augment the development of collateral arteries in vivo. In vitro studies have suggested that the use of VEGF also improves the endothelium-dependent relaxation of collaterals at the microvascular level. The purpose of this study was to determine in(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this research is to assess the patient's entrance skin dose (ESD) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO), and discuss methods to reduce the maximum ESDs. BACKGROUND Only a few reports are available on the methods to reduce patients' maximum ESD during the procedures. METHODS This study(More)
BACKGROUND Prasugrel is an antiplatelet agent that shows more prompt, potent, and consistent platelet inhibition than clopidogrel. The objective of this study was to confirm the efficacy and safety of prasugrel at loading/maintenance doses of 20/3.75 mg. METHODS AND RESULTS Japanese patients (n=1,363) with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is at present the most effective procedure for reducing the mortality rate of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there is a great difference between Japan and other countries in the rate of primary PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS Registration period, number of patients with AMI,(More)
To identify predictors of arterial graft patency, we followed up 30 internal thoracic arterial grafts and 23 right gastroepiploic arterial grafts in situ with patency documented during postoperative angiography. After 24 months of follow-up on average, repeat angiography detected that one internal thoracic artery and two gastroepiploic arteries were(More)