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Opticospinal multiple sclerosis (OSMS) in Asians has similar features to the relapsing-remitting form of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) seen in Westerners. OSMS is suggested to be NMO based on the frequent detection of specific IgG targeting aquaporin-4 (AQP4), designated NMO-IgG. The present study sought to clarify the significance of anti-AQP4 autoimmunity in(More)
We studied the role of fasudil, a selective Rho-kinase inhibitor, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Both parenteral and oral administration of fasudil prevented the development of EAE induced by proteolipid protein (PLP) p139-151 in SJL/J mice. Specific proliferation of lymphocytes to PLP was significantly reduced, together with a(More)
There are two distinct subtypes of multiple sclerosis in Asians, opticospinal (OS-multiple sclerosis) and conventional (C-multiple sclerosis). In OS-multiple sclerosis, selective and severe involvement of the optic nerves and spinal cord is characteristic, though its mechanisms are unknown. The present study aimed to find out possible differences in the(More)
Vascular permeability changes precede the development of demyelinating lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS), and vessel wall thickening and capillary proliferation are frequently seen in autopsied MS lesions. Although vascular growth factors are critical for inducing such vascular changes, their involvement in MS has not been extensively studied. Thus, we(More)
To investigate the intra- and extracellular levels of various cytokines and chemokines in CSF in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and vasculitic neuropathy (VN), 16 cytokines, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 (p70), IL-13, IL-17, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, G-CSF, MCP-1 and MIP-1beta, were measured in CSF(More)
To investigate cytokine/chemokine changes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we simultaneously measured 16 cytokine/chemokines (interleukin [IL]-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 [p70], IL-13, IL-17, interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, granulocyte colony stimulating factor [G-CSF], macrophage chemoattractant protein-1(More)
Persistent Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a chronic inflammatory stimulus to hosts with an inverse correlation to atopic disorders. In this study, a total of 105 consecutive multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were divided into 52 opticospinal MS (OSMS) and 53 conventional MS (CMS), and their sera, along with those from 85 healthy controls (HC),(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported the occurrence of myelitis in patients with atopic disorders (atopic myelitis [AM]). To uncover the spectrum of neural damage associated with atopy, we conducted a cross-sectional nationwide survey of AM and atopy-related peripheral neuritis (APN), including Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), in individuals with atopic(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) are found in a fraction of Japanese opticospinal multiple sclerosis (OSMS) patients. However, it remains unknown whether anti-AQP4 antibody-positive and negative OSMS patients possess an identical disease. OBJECTIVE The objective of the current study was to clarify immunological differences between the two(More)
To clarify the role of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in multiple sclerosis (MS), we measured serum MPO levels in 86 Japanese patients with relapsing remitting MS, 47 with opticospinal MS (OSMS) and 39 with conventional MS (CMS), and 85 healthy subjects by sandwich enzyme immunoassays and analyzed relationships with clinical features. We found a significant increase(More)