Takaaki Hirai

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BACKGROUND In preimplantation mouse embryos, the first cell fate specification to the trophectoderm or inner cell mass occurs by the early blastocyst stage. The cell fate is controlled by cell position-dependent Hippo signaling, although the mechanisms underlying position-dependent Hippo signaling are unknown. RESULTS We show that a combination of cell(More)
The zeta isotype of protein kinase C (PKCzeta) is a member of the atypical PKC subfamily and has been widely implicated in the regulation of cellular functions. Increasing evidence from studies using in vitro and in vivo systems points to PKCzeta as a key regulator of critical intracellular signaling pathways induced by various extracellular stimuli. The(More)
Neuroligins, a family of postsynaptic adhesion molecules, are important in synaptogenesis through a well-characterized trans-synaptic interaction with neurexin. In addition, neuroligins are thought to drive postsynaptic assembly through binding of their intracellular domain to PSD-95. However, there is little direct evidence to support the functional(More)
We have generated a mouse strain lacking protein kinase C (PKC) to evaluate its significance in epithelial organization and tumor formation. The PKC -deficient mice exhibited increased susceptibility to tumor formation in two-stage skin carcinogenesis by single application of 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) for tumor initiation and repeated(More)
The control of 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) biosynthesis and its physiological roles were examined in female Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) and New Zealand longfinned eel (Anguilla dieffenbachii). 11-KT was detected in serum of female eels of both species. Among various tissues from Japanese eel, the ovary had the greatest capacity to synthesize 11-KT in(More)
KIBRA is a WW domain-containing protein that can bind to protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta). The SNP of the ninth intron of the KIBRA gene is associated with human episodic memory performance. Protein kinase Mzeta (PKMzeta), a brain-specific variant of PKCzeta, plays important roles in memory formation. Here we examined the interaction of KIBRA and PKMzeta in(More)
We have generated a mouse strain lacking protein kinase C (PKC) eta to evaluate its significance in epithelial organization and tumor formation. The PKCeta-deficient mice exhibited increased susceptibility to tumor formation in two-stage skin carcinogenesis by single application of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) for tumor initiation and repeated(More)
We generated a mouse strain lacking protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) and evaluated the significance of the enzyme in epithelial hyperplasia and tumor formation. PKCalpha-deficient mice exhibited increased susceptibility to tumor formation in two-stage skin carcinogenesis by single application of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) for tumor initiation and(More)
Neuroligins are postsynaptic cell adhesion molecules that are important for synaptic function through their trans-synaptic interaction with neurexins (NRXNs). The localization and synaptic effects of neuroligin-1 (NL-1, also called NLGN1) are specific to excitatory synapses with the capacity to enhance excitatory synapses dependent on synaptic activity or(More)
To investigate gibberellin (GA) signaling using the rice (Oryza sativa) GA receptor GIBBERELLIN-INSENSITIVE DWARF1 (GID1) mutant gid1-8, we isolated a suppressor mutant, Suppressor of gid1-1 (Sgd-1). Sgd-1 is an intragenic mutant containing the original gid1-8 mutation (L45F) and an additional amino acid substitution (P99S) in the loop region. GID1(P99S)(More)