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The transcription factor VP1 regulates maturation and dormancy in plant seeds by activating genes responsive to the stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA). Although activation involves ABA-responsive elements (ABREs), VP1 itself does not specifically bind ABREs. Instead, we have identified and cloned a basic region leucine zipper (bZIP) factor, TRAB1, that(More)
BACKGROUND Use of the conventional Western and Japanese classification systems of gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia results in large differences among pathologists in the diagnosis of oesophageal, gastric, and colorectal neoplastic lesions. AIM To develop common worldwide terminology for gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasia. METHODS Thirty one(More)
ACGT-containing ABA response elements (ABREs) have been functionally identified in the promoters of various genes. In addition, single copies of ABRE have been found to require a cis-acting, coupling element to achieve ABA induction. A coupling element 3 (CE3) sequence, originally identified as such in the barley HVA1 promoter, is found approximately 30 bp(More)
Potato tubers contain a complex group of proteins of 20 to 24 kDa that exhibit homology to Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitors. We isolated three cDNAs and two genomic clones that encode members of the potato Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor (PKPI) family. Comparison of the structures of these and other cloned genes indicated that genes of the PKPI family can(More)
BACKGROUND In Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), anti-ganglioside antibodies are strongly associated with the acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) form, but there are also cases of the demyelinating form of GBS (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy [AIDP]) with anti-ganglioside antibodies. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the patterns and sequential changes(More)
Micturitional histories were taken from 39 patients with acute brainstem stroke. Within 3 months from onset, 49% had irritative as well as obstructive urinary symptoms, the most common being voiding difficulty and nocturnal urinary frequency in 28%, followed by urinary retention in 21%. Urodynamic studies of 11 symptomatic patients revealed detrusor(More)
To clarify the relations of the axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) to anti-ganglioside antibodies and Campylobacter jejuni infection, 86 consecutive Japanese GBS patients were studied. Electrodiagnostic criteria showed acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in 36% of the patients and acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) in 38%. Frequent(More)
To investigate the pathophysiological role of anti-GM1 antibody in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), we reviewed sequential nerve conduction studies of 345 nerves in 34 GBS patients. Statistically significant correlation between IgG anti-GM1 antibodies and electrodiagnoses was found. Sixteen IgG anti-GM1-positive patients were classified as having acute motor(More)
Mutations in Aurora of Drosophila and related Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ipl1 kinase are known to cause abnormal chromosome segregation. We have isolated a cDNA encoding a novel human protein kinase of 402 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 45.9 kDa, which shares high amino acid identities with the Aurora/Ipl1 protein kinase family; hence the cDNA(More)
Genes coding for sporamin, the most abundant protein of the tuberous root of the sweet potato, are expressed at a high levels in the stems of plantlets cultured axenically on sucrose-containing medium. Their expression is also induced in leaf-petiole explants by high concentrations of sucrose. A fusion gene comprising of the 1 kb 5' upstream region of the(More)