Takaaki Aoki

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Lysenin, a hemolytic protein derived from the body fluid of earthworm, was incorporated into artificial bilayer membranes. Upon insertion, it formed a voltage-dependent large conductance channel in asolectin bilayers in a sphingomyelin-dependent manner. The channel had low ion-selectivity. Single-channel conductance was calculated as approximately 550 pS in(More)
We report on the first creation of ultracold bosonic heteronuclear molecules of two fermionic species, 6Li and 40K, by a magnetic field sweep across an interspecies s-wave Feshbach resonance. This allows us to associate up to 4x10(4) molecules with high efficiencies of up to 50%. Using direct imaging of the molecules, we measure increased lifetimes of the(More)
We investigate a network of coupled phase oscillators whose interactions evolve dynamically depending on the relative phases between the oscillators. We found that this coevolving dynamical system robustly yields three basic states of collective behavior with their self-organized interactions. The first is the two-cluster state, in which the oscillators are(More)
The self-organizing map (SOM) is an unsupervised learning method as well as a type of nonlinear principal component analysis that forms a topologically ordered mapping from the high-dimensional data space to a low-dimensional representation space. It has recently found wide applications in such areas as visualization, classification, and mining of various(More)
Amphotericin B-sterol conjugates were synthesized and examined for their membrane permeabilizing activity. Ergosterol and cholesterol, each connected with amphotericin B via an ethylenecarbamate or hexamethylenecarbamate linker, were examined by K(+) flux assays using liposomes and by single-channel recording across phospholipid membrane. Among four(More)
We report on the generation of a quantum degenerate Fermi-Fermi mixture of two different atomic species. The quantum degenerate mixture is realized employing sympathetic cooling of fermionic 6Li and 40K gases by an evaporatively cooled bosonic 87Rb gas. We describe the combination of trapping and cooling methods that proved crucial to successfully cool the(More)
Hypertrophic spinal pachymeningitis (HSP) is a comparatively rare disease characterized by hypertrophic inflammation of the dura mater and clinical symptoms that progress from local pain to myelopathy. The authors report two cases of recurrent HSP and review the English- and Japanese-language literature focusing on the recurrence of HSP. In the first case,(More)
We demonstrate depth profiling of polymer materials by using large argon (Ar) cluster ion beams. In general, depth profiling with secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) presents serious problems in organic materials, because the primary keV atomic ion beams often damage them and the molecular ion yields decrease with increasing incident ion fluence.(More)
We investigate co-evolving dynamics in a weighted network of phase oscillators in which the phases of the oscillators at the nodes and the weights of the links interact with each other. We find that depending on the type of the dynamics of the weights, the system exhibits three kinds of asymptotic behavior: a two-cluster state, a coherent state with a fixed(More)
In recent years, the single-molecule imaging technique has proven to be a valuable tool in solving many basic problems in biophysics. The technique used to measure single-molecule functions was initially developed to study electrophysiological properties of channel proteins. However, the technology to visualize single channels at work has not received as(More)