Tajib A. Mirzabekov

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Chemokine receptors and related seven-transmembrane-segment (7TMS) receptors serve as coreceptors for entry of human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV-1, HIV-2, and SIV) into target cells. Each of these otherwise diverse coreceptors contains an N-terminal region that is acidic and tyrosine rich. Here, we show that the chemokine receptor CCR5, a(More)
Amylin is a 37-amino acid cytotoxic constituent of amyloid deposits found in the islets of Langerhans of patients with type II diabetes. Extracellular accumulation of this peptide results in damage to insulin-producing beta cell membranes and cell death. We report here that at cytotoxic concentrations, amylin forms voltage-dependent, relatively(More)
Prions cause neurodegenerative disease in animals and humans. Recently it was shown that a 21-residue fragment of the prion protein (106-126) could be toxic to cultured neurons. We report here that this peptide forms ion-permeable channels in planar lipid bilayer membranes. These channels are freely permeable to common physiological ions, and their(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is characterized by plaques, tangles, and neuronal cell loss. The main constituent of plaques is beta-amyloid peptide (A beta), a 39-42 residue peptide which has been linked to disruption of calcium homeostasis and neurotoxicity in vitro. We demonstrate that a neurotoxic fragment of A beta, A beta (25-35) spontaneously(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 plays critical roles in development, immune function, and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry. Here we demonstrate that, like the CC-chemokine receptors CCR5 and CCR2b, CXCR4 is posttranslationally modified by sulfation of its amino-terminal tyrosines. The sulfate group at tyrosine 21 contributes substantially to(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by deposition of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) into plaques in the brain, leading to neuronal toxicity and dementia. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of the central nervous system can also cause a dementia, and amyloid deposition in the central nervous system is significantly higher in HIV-1-infected(More)
In this study we report the purification and characterization of a 66-kDa protein, designated Oms66, for outer membrane-spanning 66-kDa protein, that functions as a porin in the outer membrane (OM) of Borrelia burgdorferi. Oms66 was purified by fast-performance liquid chromatography and exhibited an average single-channel conductance of 9.62 +/- 0.37 nS in(More)
Seven-transmembrane segment, G protein-coupled receptors play central roles in a wide range of biological processes, but their characterization has been hindered by the difficulty of obtaining homogeneous preparations of native protein. We have created paramagnetic proteoliposomes containing pure and oriented CCR5, a seven-transmembrane segment protein that(More)
Protegrins are small, arginine- and cysteine-rich, beta-sheet peptides with potent activity against bacteria, fungi, and certain enveloped viruses. We report that protegrins form weakly anion-selective channels in planar phospholipid bilayers, induce potassium leakage from liposomes and form moderately cation-selective channels in planar lipid membranes(More)
The gp120 envelope glycoprotein of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) promotes virus entry by sequentially binding CD4 and chemokine receptors on the target cell. Primary, clinical HIV-1 isolates require interaction with CD4 to allow gp120 to bind the CCR5 chemokine receptor efficiently. We adapted a primary HIV-1 isolate, ADA, to replicate in(More)