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Pseudomonas mendocina was found to produce a unique homopolymer of poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate), P(3HO), rather than a copolymer, when grown on sodium octanoate as the sole carbon source. Although this polymer has been produced by other organisms, interestingly this is the first time an absolute homopolymer has been produced by a wild type organism. In(More)
A newly characterised Bacillus strain, Bacillus cereus SPV was found to produce PHB at a concentration of 38% of its dry cell weight in shaken flask cultures, using glucose as the main carbon source. Polymer production was then scaled up to 20 L batch fermentations where 29% dry cell weight of PHB was obtained within 48 h. Following this, a simple glucose(More)
P(3HB), is one of the most well studied polyhydroxyalkanoates. It is biodegradable, biocompatible, exhibits thermoplastic properties and can be produced from renewable carbon sources. The commercial exploitation of P(3HB) has been mainly held back by its high production costs. Hence, a lot of research is required to optimize P(3HB) fermentation conditions.(More)
The role of oligosaccharides as biotic elicitors for the enhanced production of antibiotics and enzymes has been established in recent years. These findings could have significant promise for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Before the elicitors could be used at large-scale, reproducible production and high levels of enhancement are(More)
Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) has been investigated for more than eighty years but recently a number of factors including increase in the price of crude oil and public awareness of the environmental issues have become a notable driving force for extended research on biopolymers. The versatility of PHAs has made them good candidates for the(More)
Inter-cell communication aided by released chemical signals when cell density reaches a critical concentration has been investigated for over 30 years as quorum sensing. Originally discovered in Gram-negative bacteria, quorum-sensing systems have also been studied extensively in Gram-positive bacteria and dimorphic fungi. Microbial communities communicating(More)
Plants show physiological and morphological responses to a range of physical and chemical factors known as 'elicitors'. These responses have been considered as defence reactions 'elicited' by the plants' biochemical factory to ensure their survival, persistence and competitiveness. Recently examples have been cited of elicitation in some fungal and(More)
The effect of pH on the production of swainsonine and fungal morphology at different stages of fermentation of Metarhizium anisopliae was investigated. When no control was applied, the pH of the culture dropped from 6.5 to 3.8 within the first 72 hours and the concentration of swainsonine reached 43.3 mg 1(-1). When the pH was held constant either at the(More)
The cell-to-cell communication of microorganisms is known to be via exertion of certain chemical compounds (signal molecules) and is referred to as quorum sensing (QS). QS phenomenon is widespread in microbial communities. Several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi use lactone-containing compounds (e.g. acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs),(More)
To explore the relationship between Helicobacter pylori motility, morphology and phase of growth, bacteria were isolated from antral biopsies of patients with duodenal ulcer or non-ulcer dyspepsia, and grown in liquid medium in batch and continuous culture systems. Motilities and morphologies of H. pylori in different phases of growth were examined with a(More)