Taizo Murabayashi

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OBJECTIVES This study sought to test a novel echocardiographic method based on contrast variability imaging (CVI), to quantify cardiac dyssynchrony and magnitude of resynchronization achieved by left ventricular (LV) and biventricular (BiV) pacing therapy. BACKGROUND Left ventricular or BiV pacing is a promising new therapy for patients with heart failure(More)
The contribution of cardiac output reserve and the skeletal muscle to exercise capacity was investigated in 24 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Symptom-limited exercise tests with a cycle ergometer were performed at 1 week, 3 weeks, and 3 months after the onset of the first infarction. Ventilatory gas was analyzed throughout the testing, and peak(More)
BACKGROUND Although there have been recent advances in echocardiography, many studies remain suboptimal due to poor image quality and unclear blood-myocardium border. We developed a novel image processing technique, cardiac variability imaging (CVI), based on the variance of pixel intensity values during passage of ultrasound microbubble contrast into the(More)
The relationship between ischemic ST depression and oxygen uptake kinetics was examined during cardiopulmonary exercise test using the ramp protocol in 22 patients (17 males and 5 females, mean age 61.4 +/- 8.1 years) with ischemic ST change (horizontal or down sloping ST depression over 1 mm) during a previous multi-stage exercise test (Bruce method).(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells. However, the role of ET-1 in exercise-induced physiological responses is still to be investigated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate in healthy volunteers whether the ET-1 plasma concentration in nonworking muscles is changed by exercise and to(More)
Beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) quantifies lability in ventricular repolarization. We hypothesized that myocardial ischemia destabilizes ventricular repolarization and increases QTV. We analyzed 2-hour 2-lead digitized electrocardiogram records of 68 patients in the European ST-T Database. All patients had ischemic episodes during the 2-hour(More)
We have previously reported that chronic sleep deprivation causes a deficiency of intracellular magnesium (Mg) and decreased exercise tolerance. The aim of this study was to clarify whether oral administration of Mg could be effective in restoring the exercise tolerance that is decreased by chronic sleep deprivation. A bicycle ergometer cardiopulmonary(More)
The present study investigated the serial changes in serum magnesium (Mg) and erythrocyte concentration of Mg in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the relationship between these changes and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 1 month after the onset of infarction. The study group comprised 26 patients with AMI (mean age,(More)
Recent observations have shown that plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) correlate with cardiac function or prognosis in heart failure patients. However, relatively little is known about changes in their plasma concentration during commonly occurring physiological states such as fatigue. Therefore, this study(More)
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS The mechanism of sudden cardiac death occurring in patients with chronic fatigue is controversial. This study was designed to define a hypothesis that coronary arterial spasm and thrombus formation can occur during chronic fatigue. METHODS For evaluating the feasibility of coronary arterial spasm, erythrocyte magnesium (Mg) was(More)