Taizo Masuhara

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The salivary secretion and the histopathological effects after administration of a single dose of cis-2-methylspiro (1,3-oxathiolane-5,3') quinuclidine hydrochloride hemihydrate (SNI-2011) were monitored in adult, male and female MRL/lpr mice, C57BL/6J mice and ICR mice. SNI-2011 (1-10 mg/kg, i.p.), dose-dependently increased the secretion of saliva in(More)
Experimental arthritis, caused by intravenously (IV) introduced Candida albicans, has been induced for the first time in rats. Four-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were inoculated IV with three different strains of C. albicans and observed for 4 weeks. Each of the three strains tested was able to produce arthritis. The incidence of Candida arthritis increased(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats were inoculated intravenously (i.v.) withCandida albicans, and limb joints showing signs ofCandida-induced arthritis were subjected to radiographic and histologic examination. New bone formation and bone resorption were morbidly enhanced in bones sampled from the arthritic joints. Sparsely distributed needle-shaped calcified deposits(More)
The action of dopamine (DA) on salivation and the secretion of marker glycoproteins (GP) from secretory cells of the rat submandibular gland (SMG) was investigated using various blockers at doses of 1 or 2 mg/kg (i.v.). DA at doses from 5 to 40 mg/kg (i.p.) dose-dependently increased salivation and the concentration of protein in SMG saliva. The order of(More)
The effects of substance P, neurokinin A, physalamine, and eledoisin on the secretion of fluid and glycoproteins from the submandibular glands of various rodents were investigated. Following i.v. injection of each peptide at a dose of 20 micrograms/kg, the major glycoprotein species secreted from rats and guinea pigs were shown to be electrophoretically(More)
Yeast cells of Candida albicans were brought to germ tube formation and hyphal growth in liquid synthetic medium. The behaviour of mitochondria and mitochondrial nucleoids (mt-nucleoids) during morphological conversion was examined by fluorescence staining with 2-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-1-methylpyridinium iodide (DASPMI) and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole(More)
Ethylenediamine-N,N,N',N'-tetrakis (methylenephosphonic acid) (EDTPO) is a potent inhibitor of both formation and dissolution of hydroxyapatite crystals in vitro as well as 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-bisphosphonic acid (HEBP). The purpose of this study was to compare with the biological effects of the same molar level of EDTPO, HEBP and(More)
Significant differences were observed between the guinea-pig and the mouse in terms of the secretion of fluid, protein and secretory granules from submandibular glands in response to pilocarpine, phenylephrine and isoproterenol. In both the guinea-pig and the mouse, the secretory responses induced by pilocarpine, phenylephrine and isoproterenol were(More)
1. Acetylcholine-mediated (ACh-mediated) secretion of fluid and protein from rat submandibular glands was enhanced by intravenous injection of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and of secretin but not of peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) or gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP). 2. When VIP and ACh were administered together, the enhancement of fluid(More)