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Although nationwide efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding began in Nigeria in 1992, data on this type of infant feeding are still generally scarce. Current status breastfeeding data were obtained from 2794 mothers, enrolled from randomly selected infant welfare clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria, to evaluate factors that are associated with exclusive(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) and associated mortality risk in a cohort of adult Nigerians followed from 1992 to 1997. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES The data for this investigation were derived from an international collaborative study on chronic diseases in populations of the African diaspora. Body mass index(More)
With the epidemiological transition phenomenon, more countries are expected to move from a disease pattern dominated by infectious diseases to one characterised by non-communicable diseases. Many developing countries are contending with infectious diseases as well as non-communicable diseases, yet little is known about the prevalence of cardiovascular risk(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to assess the current prevalence of depression in Oyo State, Nigeria and the rural-urban variation in prevalence. SETTING This is a two-phase community-based cross-sectional study. The urban areas selected for the study are the Ibadan North-West and Egbeda local government areas. The rural area selected was the Saki-East(More)
A prospective study on 600 gravid women, 492 of whom eventually delivered normal singleton babies following uncomplicated pregnancies is described. Maternal weight measurements per gestational age were recorded from the 10th week till delivery in these randomly selected women attending regular antenatal clinic. The purpose of this paper is: to describe the(More)
  • T O Lawoyin
  • 1997
Low birth weight (birth weight less 2,500 g) remains a major public health problem in many communities. Five hundred and twenty-eight (528) consecutive singleton maternities delivered at the Armed Forces Hospital Tabuk, northwest Saudi Arabia were studied to identify the relationship between prenatal weight gain, maternal hemoglobin at delivery, maternal(More)
BACKGROUND Iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy has irreversible negative consequence on infant cognitive development and increases maternal morbidity and mortality. Iron supplementation ameliorates this effect. The salutary effect of iron supplementation on improvement of haemoglobin levels in pregnancy has been documented in various studies. However(More)
Several studies in Asia, USA and the United Kingdom have shown widespread drug use among adolescents and young adults, thus drawing global attention to this problem. There is however a paucity of data on drug use among youths in rural Nigeria. The target population for this study were adolescents and youths from three out of the 6 senior secondary schools(More)
The changing epidemiology of cholera in Ibadan, Nigeria, has become a public health challenge, and outbreaks of the disease have been occurring with increasing frequency since the first outbreak in modern times in 1970. In this outbreak, 1384 persons were seen, diagnosed and treated for the disease at the cholera unit, Ibadan from January to December 1996.(More)
Innovative and effective options toward reducing maternal mortality rates in African nations must include the active participation of all stakeholders. This study was carried out to assess men's level of knowledge and attitude to preventing maternal deaths. In a cross-sectional, community-based survey complemented with exploratory in-depth interviews, data(More)