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The aim of this study was to identify the neuroanatomical basis of the retrieval of people's names. Lesion data showed that patients with language-dominant temporal lobectomy had impairments in their ability to retrieve familiar and newly learned people's names, whereas patients with language-nondominant temporal lobectomy had difficulty retrieving newly(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) and hemimegalencephaly (HME) are major causes of intractable epilepsy in children. The probable pathogenesis of FCD and HMG is the abnormal migration and differentiation of neurons. The aim of the present study was to clarify the abnormal cytoarchitecture, based on neuronal immaturation. Tissue samples were obtained from 16(More)
We report a 1-year 6-month-old girl with ganglioglioma in the right medial temporal lobe who showed epileptic spasms in clusters. Spasms occasionally followed a dazed and fearful gaze. Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) showed diffuse bursts of slightly irregular high-voltage spikes and slow waves without hypsarrhythmia. The findings on ictal EEG,(More)
Needle biopsy using a CT-guided stereotaxic technique was performed in 121 cases of suspected brain tumour. Using this technique, it is possible to perform biopsies safely and accurately on even small and deep-seated lesions with a minimum of surgical intervention. However, accurate diagnoses are sometimes not possible when only a small number of viable(More)
The epileptogenesis of the striatum is unknown. We describe the case of a 12-year-old girl with intractable epilepsy who was treated by surgical interventions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed ambiguous corticomedullary boundary in the left frontal lobe, and magnetoencephalography (MEG) revealed spike dipoles in the vicinity of the left ventral(More)
Stereotactic endoscopic resection of intra-axial brain tumors using a newly developed endoscopic system consisting of a stereotactic guiding tube and a fine endoscope is reported. The stereotactically inserted guiding tube acts in the place of brain retractors to expose deep-seated pathological lesions, which are then visualized by means of a fine(More)
We describe two cases of complex partial seizures with ictal violent movements arising from the insular cortex. The first patient, a 14-year-old girl, presented with hyperkinetic behavior such as rolling, thrashing, and pedaling, and the second case, a 38-year-old woman, had been suffering from frequent daytime hyperkinetic seizures characterized by bizarre(More)
Total resection of angiographically occult vascular malformations was performed in four patients using stereotactic open-system endoscopy. The lesions were relatively small but localized deep in the brain or involving eloquent cortex. Fiber-guided YAG laser coagulation was efficient for haemostasis and no significant complication was seen in any case.(More)
To evaluate the effect of corpus callosotomy (CC) on attention deficit and behavioral problems in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy, we retrospectively investigated sequential patients who had undergone CC to control seizures. Between August 2005 and April 2010, a total of 15 patients aged between 3.1 and 17.9 years underwent CC at our institute.(More)