Taissiia Zakharova

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The level of microbial resistance to heavy metals is an important issue for the microbial ecology of heavy metal-contaminated habitats. However, assays based upon growth in nutrient media will overestimate the resistance level due to metal ion interactions with inorganic and organic components. The analysis of Pb-resistant bacteria isolated from soils(More)
The kinetics of substrate degradation and bacterial growth was determined in a microbial community from a biomass recycle reactor that had been deprived of substrate feed for 0–32 days. Starvation caused changes in bacterial numbers, community composition, and physiological state. Substrate starvation for less than 1 day resulted in modest (less than(More)
Biomass recycle reactors (BRRs) were used as a model system to study the functional and structural adaptations of mixed bacterial communities in response to the imposition of increasingly severe nutrient limitation. BRRs were fed synthetic media containing either spinach homogenate or autoclaved yeast cells to simulate the complex mixtures of particulate(More)
Microbial communities capable of degrading biopolymers and surfactants typically found in graywater were selected in continuous-flow bioreactors operated at 30, 44, 53, or 62°C. The effect of temperature upon microbial activity and community composition was determined. Microbial respiration of the organic components of the medium (including linear(More)
To quantify the functional diversity of microbes that use hydrolytic ectoenzymes, the feasibility of separating cell-associated proteins on polyacrylamide gels and detecting enzyme activity via fluorescent substrate analogs for aminopeptidases, glucosidases, and esterases was determined. More than 87% of aminopeptidase activity was associated with(More)
The microbial biodegradation of simulated graywater, containing 21.5 mg of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate liter-1, was investigated with a continuous-flow bioreactor with 100% biomass recycle. Low concentrations of organic matter in the ultrafiltration eluate were achieved by hydraulic residence times as short as 1.6 h and for periods of up to 74 days at a(More)
The transition in physiological state was investigated between a carbon-limited chemostat population and microbes growing very slowly in a biomass recycle reactor. The mixed microbial population was metabolizing a mixture of biopolymers and linear alkylbenzene sulfonate, formulated to represent the organic load in graywater. Biomass increased 30-fold during(More)
A novel graywater treatment system consisting of an aerated batch reactor and biomass-retaining ultrafiltration unit was evaluated for treatment of shipboard wastes. The focus of this study was to determine the resilience of the biomass recycle reactor to perturbations of sodium hypochlorite, the major component of bleach. A bench-scale reactor was(More)
In a continuous flow bioreactor seeded with microbes from municipal activated sludge, complete organic carbon oxidation of simulated graywater (wastewater produced in human residences, excluding toilet wastes) was achieved at dilution rates up to 0.36 h−1 in the presence of 64.1 μ M linear alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) L−1. At LAS concentrations of 187 μ M,(More)
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