Taishi Nakamura

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Very recent subgroup analysis from the PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events has shown that pioglitazone reduces the risk of recurrent stroke in type 2 diabetic patients. However, the underlying mechanism of stroke prevention by pioglitazone is unknown. Our aim was to examine the effect of pioglitazone on(More)
The purpose of this work was to test whether brain-penetrating angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (e.g., perindopril), as opposed to non-brain-penetrating ACE inhibitors (e.g., enalapril and imidapril), may reduce the cognitive decline and brain injury in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We first compared the effect of perindopril, enalapril, and(More)
The optimum antihypertensive treatment for prevention of hypertensive stroke has yet to be elucidated. This study was undertaken to examine the benefit of a combination of valsartan, an angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, in prevention of high-salt-induced brain injury in hypertensive rats.(More)
The association between p53 immunohistochemistry and TP53 mutation status has been controversial. The present study aims to re-evaluate the efficacy of p53 immunohistochemistry to predict the mutational status of TP53. A total of 157 diffuse gliomas (World Health Organization grades II-IV) were assessed by exon-by-exon DNA sequencing from exon 4 through 10(More)
BACKGROUND In the normal heart, phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) hydrolyzes cGMP coupled to nitric oxide- (specifically from nitric oxide synthase 3) but not natriuretic peptide (NP)-stimulated guanylyl cyclase. PDE5 is upregulated in hypertrophied and failing hearts and is thought to contribute to their pathophysiology. Because nitric oxide signaling(More)
Germ cell tumors constitute a heterogeneous group that displays a broad spectrum of morphology. They often arise in testes; however, extragonadal occurrence, in particular brain, is not uncommon, and whether they share a common pathogenesis is unknown. We performed whole exome sequencing in 41 pairs of central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNS GCTs) of(More)
The prognostic impact of TERT mutations has been controversial in IDH-wild tumors, particularly in glioblastomas (GBM). The controversy may be attributable to presence of potential confounding factors such as MGMT methylation status or patients' treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of TERT status on patient outcome in association with various(More)
We have developed a method for the three-dimensional (3D) printing of continuous fiber-reinforced thermoplastics based on fused-deposition modeling. The technique enables direct 3D fabrication without the use of molds and may become the standard next-generation composite fabrication methodology. A thermoplastic filament and continuous fibers were separately(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) production has been utilized as a diagnostic marker for germinoma with syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells (STGC) and choriocarcinoma. Elevated hCG in germinoma is considered to predict less favorable prognosis, and an intensive treatment strategy may accordingly be applied. However, there is some evidence that any germinoma(More)
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression(MVD)surgery has been established as a standard treatment for hemifacial spasm. However, because decompression surgery results in unfavorable outcomes in some cases, a more critical monitoring strategy is required. To improve surgical outcome for hemifacial spasms, abnormal muscle response(AMR)has been proposed as a tool(More)