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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the antiatherogenic effects of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, des-fluoro-sitagliptin (DFS). BACKGROUND The new class of anti-type 2 diabetes drugs, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, improves glucose metabolism by increasing levels of active glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1. METHODS Endothelial(More)
The cardiac pathological response to sustained pressure overload involves myocyte hypertrophy and dysfunction along with interstitial changes such as fibrosis and reduced capillary density. These changes are orchestrated by mechanical forces and factors secreted between cells. One such secreted factor is TGF-β, which is generated by and interacts with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The precise mechanism of salt-induced brain injury is unclear. We examined the detailed causative role of angiotensin II and NADPH oxidase in salt-accelerated brain injury of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). METHODS We examined the effect of salt loading on brain reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, and(More)
The protective effect of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, against hypertensive cardiovascular and renal injury remains to be defined. This study was undertaken to examine the protective effects of the combination of aliskiren and valsartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker, against cardiovascular and renal injury. Endothelial NO synthase-deficient mice,(More)
OBJECTIVES Addition of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, to losartan provides additive reduction of urinary albumin excretion in type 2 diabetic patients. However, the detailed effect of aliskiren on type 2 diabetic nephropathy is still unknown. This study was undertaken to examine the efficacy of aliskiren and the combination of aliskiren with valsartan(More)
Type 2 diabetes plays a major role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of ezetimibe, a potent cholesterol absorption inhibitor, on cardiovascular injury of obese and type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Diabetic db/db mice fed a Western diet were given ezetimibe for 9 weeks, and the effects on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Very recent subgroup analysis from the PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events has shown that pioglitazone reduces the risk of recurrent stroke in type 2 diabetic patients. However, the underlying mechanism of stroke prevention by pioglitazone is unknown. Our aim was to examine the effect of pioglitazone on(More)
The association between p53 immunohistochemistry and TP53 mutation status has been controversial. The present study aims to re-evaluate the efficacy of p53 immunohistochemistry to predict the mutational status of TP53. A total of 157 diffuse gliomas (World Health Organization grades II-IV) were assessed by exon-by-exon DNA sequencing from exon 4 through 10(More)
The prognostic impact of TERT mutations has been controversial in IDH-wild tumors, particularly in glioblastomas (GBM). The controversy may be attributable to presence of potential confounding factors such as MGMT methylation status or patients' treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of TERT status on patient outcome in association with various(More)
Germ cell tumors constitute a heterogeneous group that displays a broad spectrum of morphology. They often arise in testes; however, extragonadal occurrence, in particular brain, is not uncommon, and whether they share a common pathogenesis is unknown. We performed whole exome sequencing in 41 pairs of central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNS GCTs) of(More)