Taina Pitkäaho

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OBJECTIVES The pilot study is a part of the Magnet hospital research project in Northern Savo in Finland, which is a collaboration between the University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital (KUH) in 2006-2012. The purpose was to identify, describe and assess nurse staffing indicators from the data system of KUH. Donabedian's structure-process-outcome(More)
Background. Measures of spousal effect during parturient pain should take a tripartite approach involving the parturients, spouses, and midwives. Aim. To develop and validate three questionnaires measuring spousal presence in management of parturient pain in Nigeria. Methods. There are two phases: (1) development of questionnaires, Abuja Instrument for(More)
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