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We found significant differences in a craniometric, cephalometric, and dental study of 19 Silver-Russell syndrome patients (13 without growth hormone treatment) with appropriate controls. Although head circumference was normal for age, head length was increased, while cranial and facial widths and facial heights were reduced. Posterior facial height,(More)
Examination of 627 wild animals--raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides), red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), European lynxes (Lynx lynx), brown bears (Ursus arctos), wolves (Canis lupus), and badgers (Meles meles)--revealed Trichinella spp. The prevalence varied according to geographical region of Finland (north; southwest, SW; and southeast, SE) and was the(More)
A 110-item food frequency questionnaire was tested among 152 community controls of the Kuopio Breast Cancer Study. They completed the questionnaire twice and kept two 7-day diet records at 3-month intervals. The intraclass correlations for nutrients varied from 0.49 (thiamine with supplements) to 0.81 (lactose), and for foods from 0.52 (poultry) to 0.84(More)
Trichinella spiralis infected rat carcasses were incubated for 6 weeks in several animal feeds to assess how long Trichinella can present a risk for an outbreak in contaminated feeds. In groups of 6, 24 infected target rats were placed in silage, grained barley, propionic acid-preserved feed, and also into simulated pasture conditions. Test environments(More)
Trichinellosis is 1 of the most widespread parasitic zoonoses in the world and can be lethal to humans. Trichinella spp. are also parasites of considerable economic importance. Because rats may play a role in the transmission of trichinellosis to swine and farmed wild boar, 767 brown rats (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout) from 13 Finnish waste disposal sites(More)
Although human infections caused by Trichinella sp. have not been reported in Finland for several decades and Trichinella sp. infection in pork has become virtually extinct in the last decade, sylvatic Trichinella spp. infection is still highly prevalent in Finland. Muscle digestion of 2,483 carnivorous wild animals from 9 host species during 1999-2005(More)
Three groups of six raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) were provided for the experiment: the first group was infected with pig-origin Trichinella spiralis, the second with raccoon dog-origin Trichinella nativa, and the third served as controls. Infection dose for both parasite species was 1000 larvae/kg of body weight, which led to intense final(More)
The evolution and taxonomy of enterohepatic Helicobacter species with flexispira morphology were studied by a polyphasic approach including phenotypic characterization, analysis of 16S rRNA and ureB gene sequences and dot-blot DNA-DNA hybridization of whole genomic DNA. In addition, available phylogenetic data on the HSP60 gene were used in the analysis.(More)
Nine farmed wild boar out of 25 slaughtered from a single farm were condemned at meat inspection because of trichinellosis. With RAPD-PCR, Trichinella spiralis was identified in all positive wild boar. Out of the available serum samples (n=7), all wild boar which had failed the meat inspection showed seroconversion in ELISA and Western blotting, as did one(More)
Three experimental groups of six male raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) each were formed by placing one of three littermates from six litters into each group. One group was inoculated with pig-origin Trichinella spiralis, the second was inoculated with raccoon dog-origin T. nativa, and the third served as a control group. The infective dose was 1,000(More)