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Two forms of visual deficit were induced in 12 pairs of kittens (4-6 weeks of age) by monocular lid suture combined with either an opaque soft contact lens ('occlusion' amblyopia) or a clear lens ('diffusion' amblyopia) which had been kept behind the sutured eyelids for 5-9 weeks. The kittens were then reverse-sutured at the age of 9-15 weeks, and the(More)
The favorable effects of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ligand pioglitazone on glucose metabolism are associated with an increase in the fat-derived hormone adiponectin in the bloodstream. A recent clinical trial, Prospective Pioglitazone Clinical Trial in Macrovascular Events, demonstrated that pioglitazone improved cardiovascular(More)
Noradrenaline (NA)-stimulated beta-adrenoreceptors activate adenylate cyclase via excitatory G-proteins (Gs). Activated adenylate cyclase in turn promotes the production of cAMP. Critical roles of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) in divergent cellular functions have been shown, including memory, learning and neural plasticity. Ocular dominance(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is increasingly performed for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF), but it is problematic because the use of anti-arrhythmic agents is largely restricted in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) therapy. However, little is known about the long-term clinical outcomes of AF after RFCA in HD patients. (More)
Activity-dependent processes within the visual pathway play a crucial role in the expression of ocular dominance plasticity in immature visual cortex. The necessity of non-retinal, modulatory afferents to the regulation of ocular dominance plasticity has been recognized. Among a few chemically defined signaling systems, the noradrenaline-activated(More)
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