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OBJECT The purpose of the present study was to refine the transcerebellomedullary fissure approach to the fourth ventricle and to clarify the optimal method of dissecting the fissure to obtain an appropriate operative view without splitting the inferior vermis. METHODS The authors studied the microsurgical anatomy by using formalin-fixed specimens to(More)
The authors report eight cases of so-called symptomatic hemifacial spasm. They had gross pathological lesions such as a tumor (one epidermoid, one neurinoma, and two meningiomas), vascular malformation (one medullary venous malformation and two arteriovenous malformations), and aneurysm. In all four cases with a tumor, no artery compressed the facial nerve(More)
Twenty-two surgically treated infratentorial ependymomas were analyzed according to their anatomical origins and characteristics of extension in conjunction with the microsurgical anatomy of the fourth ventricle. The correlation between tumor origin and postoperative survival of the patients was also assessed. The tumors were classified into three types(More)
Either encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) or superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis combined with encephalomyosynangiosis (EMS) has been performed on most of the children with moyamoya disease in our department. EDAS alone was done in the parietal region of 13 sides in 10 patients, and STA-MCA anastomosis with EMS in(More)
The cerebellomedullary fissure, the only entrance or exit to the fourth ventricle, is surrounded rostrally by the cerebellar tonsils and the biventral lobules and caudally by the medulla oblongata, the tela choroidea, and the lateral recesses. This fissure is an important route in operations on the fourth ventricle. We studied the microsurgical and magnetic(More)
Operations on the 4th ventricle offer the potential for injury of the brain stem, cerebellum, cranial nerves, and major cerebellar arteries and veins. Twenty-five cadaver brains were examined using 3x to 25x magnification to define the relationship of these vital structures to the 4th ventricle. The 4th ventricle has a roof, a floor, and two lateral(More)
Eleven cases of an aneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery are reported. All 11 aneurysms were saccular, and 3 were either giant or large. The aneurysms arose from the P1 segment in three patients, the P1-P2 junction in three patients, the P2 segment in three patients, and from the P3 segment in two patients. In all, 10 patients underwent surgery. All P1(More)
The prognosis of 27 patients with moyamoya disease was studied. The ages at onset ranged from 11 months to 4-11/12 years. Follow-up study was performed within 4 years from the onset in 13, 5 to 9 years in 5, and 10 to 15 years in 9. Transient ischemic attacks (TIA) occurred most often during the first four years and decreased thereafter. Intellectual(More)
Twenty-one of 146 cases of spontaneous pneumothorax that were treated by thoracentesis or continuous low negative pressure suction drainage (-12 cm H2O) of the pleural space developed REPE. The rate of REPE was higher in patients 20 to 39 years of age than in those over the age of 40, and the rate progressively increased in proportion to the extent of(More)
DNA damage in the pyloric mucosa of the stomach of male F344 rats was determined by the alkaline elution method after administration of glyoxal, a direct-acting mutagen present in various heated foods, by gastric intubation. Glyoxal at doses of 50-550 mg/kg body weight induced DNA damage in the pyloric mucosa of rat stomach, detected by a 5- to 12-fold(More)