Learn More
Traditional neurological models of language were based on a single neural pathway (the dorsal pathway underpinned by the arcuate fasciculus). Contemporary neuroscience indicates that anterior temporal regions and the "ventral" language pathway also make a significant contribution, yet there is no computationally-implemented model of the dual pathway, nor(More)
In a series of five experiments, we studied the effect of a visual suffix on the retention in short-term visual memory of both individual visual features and objects involving the binding of two features. Experiments 1A, 1B, and 2 involved suffixes consisting of features external to the to-be-remembered set and revealed a modest but equivalent disruption on(More)
Many previous studies have explored and confirmed the influence of long-term phonological representations on phonological short-term memory. In most investigations, phonological effects have been explored with respect to phonotactic constraints or frequency. If interaction between long-term memory and phonological short-term memory is a generalized(More)
The emergentist-connectionist approach assumes that language processing reflects interaction between primary neural systems (Primary Systems Hypothesis). This idea offers an overarching framework that generalizes to various kinds of (English) language and nonverbal cognitive activities. The current study advances this approach with respect to language in(More)
Past studies have employed a subjective rating/categorization methodology to investigate whether radicals, an example of sub-lexical visual information in Chinese/kanji, contribute to computation of character/word meaning, with conflicting results. This study took an objective, corpus-based approach for the first time. Specifically, we conducted a Latent(More)
Verbal overshadowing refers to a phenomenon whereby verbalization of a non-verbal stimulus (e.g., he had slant eyes) impairs subsequent non-verbal recognition accuracy. In order to understand the mechanism by which this phenomenon occurs, we constructed a computational model that was trained to generate an individual-face-specific representation upon input(More)
In recent years an increasing number of articles have employed meta-analysis to integrate effect sizes of researchers' own series of studies within a single article ("internal meta-analysis"). Although this approach has the obvious advantage of obtaining narrower confidence intervals, we show that it could inadvertently inflate false-positive rates if(More)
Verbal overshadowing refers to a phenomenon whereby verbalization of non-verbal stimuli (e.g., facial features) during the maintenance phase (after the target information is no longer available from the sensory inputs) impairs subsequent non-verbal recognition accuracy. Two primary mechanisms have been proposed for verbal overshadowing, namely the recoding(More)
Social psychology aims to reveal how social behaviors are acquired through interactions with others (i.e., past interpersonal experiences) whereas social neuroscience investigates the neural substrates that correlate with acquired social behaviors. For example, people with greater ingroup bias are known to avoid or have avoided interactions with outgroup(More)