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This article reports world averages for measurements on b-hadron properties obtained by the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) using the available results as of summer 2004 conferences. In the averaging, the input parameters used in the various analyses are adjusted (rescaled) to common values, and all known correlations are taken into account. The(More)
For mapping brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo, seven radioactive acetylcholine analogs, N-[14C]methylpiperidyl-3- and 4-acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, and 3-butyrate were newly synthesized and evaluated in mice. The esters readily entered the brain and were hydrolyzed into the hydrophilic metabolite, which was trapped. In brain homogenates,(More)
Several growth factors (or cytokines) have recently received attention because of their ability to actively regulate various cellular functions of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells and the effects of topical application of such factor(s) on periodontal tissue regeneration has been evaluated. In this study, we examined the role of basic fibroblast growth(More)
Streptozotocin (STZ), a glucose analogue known to induce diabetes in experimental animals, causes DNA strand breaks and subsequent activation of poly(ADPribose) polymerase (Parp). Because Parp uses NAD as a substrate, extensive DNA damage will result in reduction of cellular NAD level. In fact, STZ induces NAD depletion and cell death in isolated pancreatic(More)
ABO-incompatible living kidney transplantation (ABO-ILKT) has steadily become more widespread. However, the optimal immunosuppressive regimen for ABO-ILKT remains uncertain. We aimed to determine the longitudinal changes in the outcomes from ABO-ILKT compared with those from ABO-compatible living kidney transplantation (ABO-CLKT) over the last 25 years. Of(More)
A multi-clinical double-blind study on therapeutic effect of combination preparation of vitamins E and C was undertaken in comparison with single preparation of vitamin E and vitamin C in the treatment of chloasma or pigmented contact dermatitis (PCD). Combination treatment resulted in significantly better clinical improvement than vitamin C alone in both(More)
We have identified type I nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (NTPase; EC 3.6. 1.3) activity, previously thought to be restricted to the virulent strains of Toxoplasma gondii, in the cell extracts of Neospora caninum tachyzoites. Sequence analysis of a complete cDNA from Nc-1 strain indicated that N. caninum NTPases shared approximately 69% identity to the(More)
To elucidate the biological functions of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP, [EC 2.4.2.30]) in DNA damage responses, genetic and biochemical approaches were undertaken. By disrupting exon 1 of the mouse PARP gene by a homologous recombination, PARP-deficient mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and mice could be produced without demonstrating lethality.(More)
A cDNA spanning the entire coding region for poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) of Sarcophaga peregrina was isolated and the nucleotide sequence was determined. The longest open reading frame encodes a polypeptide of 996 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 113,033 Da. The similarities to the human PARP in amino acid sequence were relatively low in(More)
We hypothesized that the mitochondrial length may be altered according to changes in the sarcomere length, and that this relationship may be affected by exposure to hypoxia. Rat ventricular papillary muscles were isolated and immersed in normoxic or hypoxic solutions for 10 min. Sarcomeres of various lengths were obtained by fixing the papillary muscles in(More)