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Homogeneous culture of neural precursor cells (NPCs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) would provide a powerful tool for biomedical applications. However, previous efforts to expand mechanically dissected neural rosettes for cultivation of NPCs remain concerns regarding non-neural cell contamination. In addition, several attempts to purify(More)
To induce differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into specialized cell types for therapeutic purposes, it may be desirable to combine genetic manipulation and appropriate differentiation signals. We studied the induction of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from mouse ESCs by overexpressing the transcription factor Nurr1 and coculturing with PA6 stromal(More)
We hypothesized that neuropeptides released from the peripheral terminals of primary afferents play an important role in mechanical hyperalgesia after peripheral nerve injury. Nerve injury was performed on rats with lumbar 5 spinal nerve lesion (L5 SNL), which was preceded by L5 dorsal rhizotomy (L5 DR) to avoid the potential central effects induced by L5(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to central pain syndrome including hyperalgesia to mechanical stimulation. Since there is evidence that nerve growth factor (NGF) contributes to pain-related behaviors, we wished to determine if anti-NGF might inhibit abnormal somatosensory behaviors that develop following SCI in rats. SCI was performed in male(More)
This study examined whether or not the properties of cutaneous nociceptive fibers are altered in the neuropathic state by comparing lumbars 5 and 6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) rats with sham-operated controls. The rats with the unilateral SNL developed mechanical allodynia in the ipsilateral hind limb, whereas the sham group did not. Two to 5 weeks after(More)
Initially, when periaqueductal gray (PAG) is electrically stimulated, analgesia is induced, and this phenomenon is called stimulation-produced analgesia. Nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) as well as PAG are known to be the potent analgesic centers. NRM could modulate the nociceptive response of spinal cord neurons through spinally projecting fibers. However, as(More)
In the present study mechanism of inhibitory effects of capsaicin on the contractility of rabbit coronary artery were studied by measurement of isometric tension and intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Capsaicin (1 microM to 30 microM) relaxed the coronary artery pre-contracted with prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha (1 microM) in a concentration-dependent manner.(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), which exists abundantly in lipid fraction of oxidized low density lipoprotein, has been implicated in enhanced agonist-induced contraction and increase of intracellular Ca2+. The effect of LPC on the activity of delayed rectifier K+ current (I(dK)), which is a major determinant of membrane potential and vascular tone under(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of the spinal GABAergic system in central neuropathic painlike outcomes following spinal cord injury (SCI) produced by a spinal hemitransection at T13 of the rat. After SCI, mechanical allodynia develops bilaterally in both hind paws of the rat, lasting longer than 40 days, as evidenced by an increase in paw(More)