Learn More
BACKGROUND Unlike the adult sleep related disordered breathing (SDB) patients who are typically obese, the relation between obesity and childhood SDB is not clear. AIMS To investigate whether obese children are more at risk of obstructive SDB when compared to normal population, and whether this risk is potentiated by the presence of pharyngeal lymphoid(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep and breathing disorder characterized by repeated episodes of hypoxemia. OSA causes neurocognitive deficits including perception and memory impairment but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here we show that in a mouse model of OSA, chronic intermittent hypoxia treatment impairs both early- and late-phase(More)
This prospective study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utilities of neutrophil CD64 expression for the identification of early-onset clinical infection and pneumonia in term infants and to define the optimal cutoff value so that it may act as a reference with which future studies can be compared. Term newborns in whom infection was suspected when they were(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin (DOX) is an important antineoplastic agent. However, the associated cardiotoxicity, possibly mediated by the production of reactive oxygen species, has remained a significant and dose-limiting clinical problem. Our hypothesis is that the hematopoietic/megakaryocytopoietic growth factor thrombopoietin (TPO) protects against DOX-induced(More)
The best means for optimal delivery of drugs into lungs of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is uncertain. We aimed to measure radio-aerosol deposition of salbutamol by jet nebulizer and metered dose inhalers (MDI) in ventilated and non-ventilated BPD infants. In a randomized, crossover sequence, salbutamol lung deposition was measured using an(More)
Preterm infants are highly susceptible to life-threatening infections that are clinically difficult to detect, such as late-onset septicemia and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Here, we used a proteomic approach to identify biomarkers for diagnosis of these devastating conditions. In a case-control study comprising 77 sepsis/NEC and 77 nonsepsis cases (10(More)
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with suspected late-onset infection requiring sepsis screening were enrolled in a prospective study to evaluate the diagnostic utilities of a comprehensive panel of key chemokines and cytokines, both individually and in combination, to identify diagnostic markers for early recognition of bacterial sepsis and necrotizing(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There are limited data on the night-to-night variability of childhood sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB). We aim to assess for the presence of first-night effect (FNE) and to examine whether a single-night sleep study is adequate in the assessment of childhood SDB. DESIGN In a case-control study investigating whether(More)
Glutaric acidemia type I is caused by mutations of the glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) gene resulting in loss of GCDH enzyme activity. Patients present with progressive dystonia and lesions in basal ganglia. Dietary treatment, when instituted from the early neonatal period, markedly reduces dystonia and morbidity. Early diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) correlate with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in childhood which track into adulthood. WC provides a measure of central obesity, which has been specifically associated with CV risk factors. Reference standards for WC, and for WC and BMI risk threshold values are not established in Chinese(More)