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Deleted in liver cancer (DLC1) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene recently isolated from human hepatocellular carcinoma. Structurally, DLC1 protein contains a conserved GTPase-activating protein for Rho family protein (RhoGAP) domain, which has been thought to regulate the activity of Rho family proteins. Previous studies indicated that DLC1 was(More)
PURPOSE Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway is an important regulating pathway in human diseases and cancers. One of its downstream target genes is urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), which is involved in cancer invasion and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate NF-kappaB activation, uPA up-regulation, and hepatitis B(More)
Tensins are a new family of proteins that act as an important link among extracellular matrix, actin cytoskeleton, and signal transduction and have been implicated in human cancers. Tensin2 was initially identified in a search for new tensin family members that share extensive sequence homology with tensin1. Tensin2 was highly expressed in liver tissues. A(More)
The CDK5 kinase regulatory subunit-associated protein 3 (CDK5RAP3 or C53/LZAP) regulates apoptosis induced by genotoxic stress. Although CDK5RAP3 has been implicated in cancer progression, its exact role in carcinogenesis is not well established. In this article, we report that CDK5RAP3 has an important prometastatic function in hepatocarcinogenesis. An(More)
The deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2) gene, located at chromosome 13q12.3, is a recently identified tumor suppressor gene. The gene is frequently underexpressed in human hepatocellular carcinoma, and its chromosomal region shows frequent deletion. DLC2 encodes a unique RhoGTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) specific for small RhoGTPases, RhoA, and Cdc42. With(More)
Oncogenic activation of the WNT/beta-catenin signaling pathway is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Dishevelled (Dvl), a key activator of the pathway, inhibits the adenomatous polyposis coli complex, and this leads to the accumulation of beta-catenin and promotes tumorigenesis. Recently, a novel inhibitor of Dishevelled, namely Dapper (Dpr), was(More)
UNLABELLED Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is frequently inactivated in cancers and is associated with advanced stages of cancers or metastasis. However, the molecular mechanism of PTEN in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis is unclear. In this study, we found frequent (47.5%, n = 40) protein underexpression of PTEN in human HCCs compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a crucial role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein-6 (LRP6) is one of the co-receptors of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and forms a signaling complex with Wnt ligand and Frizzled receptor to activate downstream signaling. However, the role of(More)
Pharmacological demethylation-based gene expression profile analysis is a useful tool to identify epigenetically silenced tumour suppressor genes. HGF activator inhibitor 2 (HAI-2), a serine protease inhibitor, has been identified as one of the candidate tumour suppressor genes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with this technique. In this study, we(More)