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OBJECT Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare disease entity. Although many cases have been reported in the literature, controversy persists as to its origin, diagnosis, and timing of treatment. The authors conducted a study in patients treated in their hospital and report the results. METHODS Clinical data obtained in 35 patients with SSEH(More)
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic biopsy is a widely used surgical technique for the histological diagnosis of intracranial lesions. Potential risks of this procedure, such as hemorrhage, seizure, and infection have been established, and different risk factors have been characterized. However, these risks have been addressed by only few studies conducted in Asian(More)
This 16-year retrospective study review sought to determine the factors influencing prognosis and treatment results of all patients with primary intracranial germ cell tumors treated at our hospital who were younger than 17 years of age at the time of diagnosis. A total of 44 patients were treated during the study period, including 32 males and 12 females(More)
BACKGROUND This report assesses the efficacy and safety of percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and reports on preliminary results of its use. METHODS The technique was used on 50 patients with 86 painful vertebral fractures, all of which had failed to respond to earlier conservative medical treatment. The technique(More)
The optimal postoperative management of pediatric intracranial ependymomas is controversial. We analyzed clinical prognostic factors for their influence on outcome in such children. Our retrospective series included 15 with supratentorial and 28 with infratentorial tumors. Twenty ependymomas were grade II, and 23 were anaplastic. Complete resection was(More)
Guanidine, the active ingredient extracted from Galega officinalis, is introduced as a ligand for imidazoline I2 receptor (I2R) because guanidine decreased plasma glucose via an activation of I2BR to increase glucose uptake into skeletal muscle isolated from Wistar rats. However, the signals for this action of guanidine remained obscure. In the present(More)
Hypertensive encephalopathy is believed to be caused by an abrupt elevation in systemic blood pressure. It rarely occurs in children and can be neurologically devastating if it is not recognized and treated immediately. This report describes an 11-year-old male who presented with edema and a cerebellar lesion, with acute obstructive hydrocephalus resulting(More)
Hypoxia is a common occurrence in brain tumors and traumatic brain injury. microRNA (miR)-1 participates in the regulation of brain development and neuronal function. Interestingly, miR-1 can mediate ischemia-induced injury to cardiomyocytes. This study was designed to evaluate the roles of miR-1 in hypoxia-induced insults to neurons and the possible(More)
Guidelines for patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) published in 2007 recommend providing early nutrition after trauma. Early enteral nutrition (EN) started within 48 h post-injury reduces clinical malnutrition, prevents bacterial translocation from the gastrointestinal tract, and improves outcome in sTBI patients sustaining hypermetabolism(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is uncommon but has a potentially disastrous outcome. Its early recognition and management may lead to satisfactory results. We analyzed the clinical manifestations, sources of infection, and outcomes of patients with SEA. METHODS Between 1997 and 2003, 17 patients in the Department of Neurosurgery at Keelung Chang(More)