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In mammals, two combinations of muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are used: alpha2betagammadelta (gamma-AChR) or alpha2betaepsilondelta (epsilon-AChR). After birth, gamma-AChRs are replaced by epsilon-AChRs (gamma/epsilon-switch). The two receptors have different conductances and open times. During perinatal period, the long open time(More)
Crotamine is a cationic peptide (4.9 kDa, pI 9.5) of South American rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus terrificus' venom. Its presence varies according to the subspecies or the geographical locality of a given species. At the genomic level, we observed the presence of 1.8 kb gene, Crt-p1, in crotamine-positive specimens and its absence in crotamine-negative(More)
Crotamine is a 42 amino acid-long basic polypeptide, one of the major components of the South American rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus terrificus, venom. The mRNA has about 340 nucleotides and codifies a pre-crotamine, including the signal peptide, the mature crotamine, and a final lysine. In this report, we describe the crotamine gene with 1.8 kb organized(More)
DNA-loaded microtubules (MTs) moving on a kinesin motor protein-coated substrate can selectively hybridize with a target fully matched DNA over single-base mismatched DNA and transport it. This technique is capable of collecting target biomolecules toward one point site to design new methodology of DNA analysis.
We report a robust display technology for the screening of disulfide-rich peptides, based on cDNA-protein fusions, by developing a novel and versatile puromycin-linker DNA. This linker comprises four major portions: a 'ligation site' for T4 RNA ligase, a 'biotin site' for solid-phase handling, a 'reverse transcription primer site' for the efficient and(More)
Kunitz-type protease inhibitors, which consist of around 60 amino acid residues and three distinctive disulfide bridges, exhibit a broad range of physiological functions such as protease inhibitor and ion channel blocker. In this study, we identified cDNAs encoding Kunitz-type protease inhibitors, Pr-mulgins 1, 2 and 3, from the venom gland cDNA library of(More)
cDNAs that encode beta subunits of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel were cloned from the optic lobe of the squid Loligo bleekeri. The subunits, LoCa(v)beta(1a) and LoCa(v)beta(1b) are 96% identical in amino acid sequence. The sole sequence differences are in the N-terminal region and in a five amino acid insertion in the central region of LoCa(v)beta(1b).(More)
The marine mollusk Aplysia is a useful model organism for studying the cellular bases of behavior and plasticity. However, molecular studies of Aplysia have been limited by the lack of genomic information. Recently, a large scale characterization of neuronal transcripts was performed in A. californica. Here, we report the analysis of a parallel set of(More)
Kinesin is a linear motor protein driven by energy released by ATP hydrolysis. In the present work, we genetically installed an M13 peptide sequence into Loop 12 of kinesin, which is one of the major microtubule binding regions of the protein. Because the M13 sequence has high affinity for Ca(2+)-calmodulin, the association of the engineered kinesin with(More)
We have developed a novel mobile bioprobe using a conjugate of a kinesin-driven microtubule (MT) and malachite green (MG) as a platform for capturing MG RNA aptamers. The fluorescence of MG increases when it is bound to an MG aptamer, allowing MT-MG conjugates to work as sensors of RNA transcripts containing the MG aptamer sequence. Kinesin motor proteins(More)