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In the marine mollusk Aplysia, the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein, ApC/EBP, serves as an immediate early gene in the consolidation of long-term facilitation in the synaptic connection between the sensory and motor neurons of the gill-withdrawal reflex. To further examine the role of ApC/EBP as a molecular switch of a stable form of long-term memory, we(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the lateral inhibition and the habituation in the human auditory cortex, two important physiological effects during auditory processing that can be reliably measured by means of magnetoencephalography when recording auditory evoked fields. Applying 40-Hz amplitude-modulated stimuli allowed us to record simultaneously(More)
In mammals, two combinations of muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are used: alpha2betagammadelta (gamma-AChR) or alpha2betaepsilondelta (epsilon-AChR). After birth, gamma-AChRs are replaced by epsilon-AChRs (gamma/epsilon-switch). The two receptors have different conductances and open times. During perinatal period, the long open time(More)
Comb-filtered noise (CFN, derived from white noise by suppressing regularly spaced frequency regions) was presented for 3 s followed by two types of test stimuli. One test stimulus (SB) was comprised of spectra centered in the stop-band regions of the CFN and the other test stimulus (PB) of spectra centered in the band pass regions of the CFN.(More)
The auditory evoked response is known to be changed by a preceding sound. In this study we investigated by means of magnetoencephalography how a preceding notch-filtered noise (NFN) with different bandwidths influences the human auditory evoked response elicited by the following test stimulus. We prepared white noise (WN) and four NFNs which were derived(More)
The marine mollusk Aplysia is a useful model organism for studying the cellular bases of behavior and plasticity. However, molecular studies of Aplysia have been limited by the lack of genomic information. Recently, a large scale characterization of neuronal transcripts was performed in A. californica. Here, we report the analysis of a parallel set of(More)
We report a robust display technology for the screening of disulfide-rich peptides, based on cDNA-protein fusions, by developing a novel and versatile puromycin-linker DNA. This linker comprises four major portions: a 'ligation site' for T4 RNA ligase, a 'biotin site' for solid-phase handling, a 'reverse transcription primer site' for the efficient and(More)
BACKGROUND Directed evolution of biomolecules such as DNA, RNA and proteins containing high diversity has emerged as an effective method to obtain molecules for various purposes. In the recent past, proteins from non-immunoglobulins have attracted attention as they mimic antibodies with respect to binding potential and provide further potential advantages.(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium channel blocking peptides were purified and sequenced from the venom of the tarantula, Grammostola rosea. cDNAs encoding the peptide sequences were cloned from the venom gland cDNA library. The electrophysiological effects of the peptides on several types of voltage-dependent calcium channels were evaluated using a Xenopus laevis(More)
Tarantula venom glands produce a large variety of bioactive peptides. Here we present the identification of venom components obtained by sequencing clones isolated from a cDNA library prepared from the venom glands of the Chilean common tarantula, Grammostola rosea. The cDNA sequences of about 1500 clones out of 4000 clones were analyzed after selection(More)