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PURPOSE Bladder cancer is potentially curable in the majority of cases; however, the prognosis for patients with advanced disease at presentation remains poor. Current noninvasive tests such as cytology lack sufficient sensitivity to detect low-grade, low-stage tumors. Silencing of tumor suppressor genes, such as p16(INK4a), VHL, and the mismatch repair(More)
Aberrant promoter hypermethylation is a common mechanism for inactivation of tumor suppressor genes in cancer cells. To generate a global profile of genes silenced by hypermethylation in renal cell cancer (RCC), we did an expression microarray-based analysis of genes reactivated in the 786-0, ACHN, HRC51, and HRC59 RCC lines after treatment with the(More)
Kidney cancer confined by the renal capsule can be surgically cured in the majority of cases, whereas the prognosis for patients with advanced disease at presentation remains poor. Novel strategies for early detection are therefore needed. Molecular DNA-based tests have successfully used the genetic alterations that initiate and drive tumorigenesis as(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in American women and the second leading cause of death from cancer. The genetic and epigenetic alterations that initiate and drive cancer can be used as targets for detection of neoplasia in bodily fluids. Tumor cell-specific aberrant promoter hypermethylation can be detected in nipple aspirate and ductal(More)
Transcriptional silencing associated with aberrant promoter hypermethylation is a common mechanism of inactivation of tumor suppressor genes in cancer cells. To globally profile the genes silenced by hypermethylation in prostate cancer, we screened a whole genome expression microarray for genes reactivated in the LNCaP, DU-145, PC-3, and MDA2b prostate(More)
The role that stromal renal cell carcinoma (RCC) plays in support of tumor progression is unclear. Here we sought to determine the predictive value on patient survival of several markers of stromal activation and the feasibility of a fibroblast-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) based three-dimensional (3D) culture stemming from clinical specimens to(More)
PURPOSE We previously reported that protein kinase A type I (PKA(RIalpha)) overexpression was predictive of outcome in prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) +/- short-term androgen deprivation (STAD) on Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) protocol 86-10. Here, we attempt to verify our prior findings and test the hypothesis that the(More)
Between 1982 and 1984, 24 consecutively diagnosed children from Iraq with non-localised Burkitt lymphoma (Murphy stages II, III, and IV) were eligible for treatment with a multi-drug rotating chemotherapy schedule. This schedule was intensive and included early treatment directed at the central nervous system but was of only six months' duration and fairly(More)
In a previous study (Burkitt lymphoma study I, BL I) between 1982 and 1984, we used a multidrug rotating chemotherapy schedule, now known as 'GRAB', to treat 24 Iraqi children with non-localised BL (Murphy stages II, III and IV). At the time of reporting, actuarial survival was 50% (current actual survival 42%) and the major morbidity and mortality was not(More)
OBJECTIVE The gene encoding the methionine salvage pathway methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is a tumor suppressor gene that is frequently inactivated in a wide variety of human cancers. In this study, we have examined if heterozygosity for a null mutation in Mtap (Mtap(lacZ)) could accelerate tumorigenesis development in two different mouse cancer(More)