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Desalination of seawater and brackish water is becoming an increasingly important means to address the scarcity of fresh water resources in the world. Decreasing the energy requirements and infrastructure costs of existing desalination technologies remains a challenge. By enabling the manipulation of matter and control of transport at nanometer length(More)
The aim of this study has been to develop a dynamic model of the knee joint after total knee replacement (TKR) to analyse the stress distribution in the distal femur during daily activities. Using MSC/ADAMS and MSC/MARC software, a dynamic model of an implanted knee joint has been developed. This model consists of the components of the knee prosthesis as(More)
Liquid/vapour interfaces govern the behaviour of a wide range of systems but remain poorly understood, leaving ample margin for the exploitation of intriguing functionalities for applications. Here, we systematically investigate the role of liquid/vapour interfaces in the transport of water across apposing liquid menisci in osmosis membranes comprising(More)
We report selective ionic transport through controlled, high-density, subnanometer diameter pores in macroscopic single-layer graphene membranes. Isolated, reactive defects were first introduced into the graphene lattice through ion bombardment and subsequently enlarged by oxidative etching into permeable pores with diameters of 0.40 ± 0.24 nm and densities(More)
We report graphene composite membranes with nominal areas more than 25 mm(2) fabricated by transfer of a single layer of CVD graphene onto a porous polycarbonate substrate. A combination of pressure-driven and diffusive transport measurements provides evidence of size-selective transport of molecules through the membrane, which is attributed to the(More)
Monolayer nanoporous graphene represents an ideal membrane for molecular separations, but its practical realization is impeded by leakage through defects in the ultrathin graphene. Here, we report a multiscale leakage-sealing process that exploits the nonpolar nature and impermeability of pristine graphene to selectively block defects, resulting in a(More)
Water disinfection has attracted the attention of scientists worldwide due to water scarcity. The most significant challenges are determining how to achieve proper disinfection without producing harmful byproducts obtained usually using conventional chemical disinfectants and developing new point-of-use methods for the removal and inactivation of waterborne(More)
To gain a better understanding and control of the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) process, more fundamental and modeling work is needed. A simple analytical ray-tracing model has been developed to simulate the energy absorption and penetration in SLS. The model is applied to FeCu and WC-Co powder mixtures, irradiated by Nd-YAG or CO2 laser. It gives an(More)
Bubble damping in displacement-driven microfluidic flows was theoretically and experimentally investigated for a Y-channel microfluidic network. The system was found to exhibit linear behavior for typical microfluidic flow conditions. The bubbles induced a low-pass filter behavior with a characteristic cutoff frequency that scaled proportionally with flow(More)