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Two trials were conducted to ascertain fertilization rate, embryo quality and numbers of transferable embryos in superovulated heifers and cows inseminated with sexed sperm. Inseminates contained 2 x 10(6), 10 x 10(6) or 20 x 10(6) total sperm enriched for the X- or Y-chromosome ( approximately 90%) by flow cytometry/cell sorting. Non-sexed inseminates(More)
Co-culture with various cell types can enhance development of bovine embryos, especially through the transition from maternal to embryonic mRNA utilization, a stage of growth refractory to most in vitro methods. Bovine oviductal epithelial (BOE) cells have been particularly successful for culturing embryos through the refractory stage; however, Buffalo rat(More)
Sexing sperm by high-speed flow cytometry subjects them to high pressure. The routine operating pressure of the MoFlo SX flow cytometer for sperm sorting for commercial production has been 50 pounds/square inch (psi), with a standard 70 microm standard nozzle tip. It was hypothesized that lowering the sorting pressure could reduce sperm damage. Therefore, a(More)
Experiments were designed to maximize sperm viability after sorting by flow cytometry and cryopreservation. Experiments concerned staining sperm with Hoechst 33342 dye, subsequent dilution, interrogation with laser light, and postsort concentration of sperm. Concentrating sorted sperm by centrifugation to 10 to 20 x 10(6) sperm/ml reduced adverse effects of(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine whether calves produced by sexed sperm differed from controls and to what extent the sex ratio of calves was altered by the sexing procedure. Data were collected from 1,169 calves produced from sperm sexed by flow cytometry/cell sorting after staining with Hoechst 33342, and 793 calves produced from control(More)
OBJECTIVE A differential diagnosis of idiopathic parkinsonian disease (IPD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) is difficult due to their common signs and symptoms. The aim of this 18F-2-fluoro-2 deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) study was to compare the regional cerebral glucose metabolism in MSA with that in IPD by statistical(More)
This study measured the cerebral glucose metabolism in patients suffering from corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The aim was to determine if there is a different metabolic pattern using (18)F-labeled 2-deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET). The regional cerebral glucose metabolism was examined in(More)
To define the mode of the vasorelaxing action of nicorandil as compared to nitroglycerin, the effects of the agent on the contractile response to various stimulations in rabbit aorta, cat coronary arteries and rabbit basilar arteries were evaluated. Nicorandil had a greater relaxing effect on the maximum response to norepinephrine (NE) than on the potassium(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of sperm exposure time on the fertilization rate and subsequent developmental capacity of bovine oocytes matured in vitro. Cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) obtained from 2 to 6 mm follicles were matured for 24 h in TCM-199 supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS) and hormones (FSH, LH and estradiol(More)