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In this paper, we consider a protocol architecture that enables IPv6 routing protocol for low power and lossy networks (RPL) to run on top of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), aiming to provide a BLE-based multi-hop IoT network. In our approach to RPL over BLE, we propose to use both of advertising and data channels of BLE to create synergistic effects between(More)
In massive multiple-input multiple-out (M-MIMO) systems, the base station estimates each forward-link channel by using the reverse-link sounding pilot and the channel reciprocity property of time division duplex (TDD) operation. However, conventional non-cooperative sounding schemes, like a sounding sequence assignment scheme with reuse factor-1, cause cell(More)
In massive multiple-input multiple-out (M-MIMO) systems, conventional sounding schemes may suffer from pilot contamination of cell edge users or a lowered number of serviced users in a multi-cell scenario. In this paper, we propose a partial sounding resource reuse (PSRR) method which aims to seamlessly guarantee the quality of service (QoS) of mobile users(More)
Bufferbloat has drawn much attention in the network community for its negative impact on TCP delay performance and user QoE. Recently, it has been more commonly noted in wireless access networks, in part, due to over-provisioned buffer space. Previous works that focused only on bufferbloat prevention have suffered from either deployment or fairness problems(More)
In this study, the electrical characteristics of Ni-CNT-SiO2-SiC structured 4H-SiC MIS capacitors were investigated. The effect of CNTs in the gate/insulator interface have been characterized by C-V measurement at 300 to 500K and J-V have also been measured. The experimental flat-band voltage tends to change with or without CNTs. Current densities of both(More)
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is one of the widely used low power wireless protocols due to its simplicity and low energy consumption. The BLE standard is being developed further to support a wide range of applications spanning smart homes, wearables, and myriad appliances as part of IoT (Internet of Things). These new applications bring forth an important(More)
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