Taeko Kimura

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Hyperphosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein tau is one of the major pathological events in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other related neurodegenerative diseases, including frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). Mutations in the tau gene MAPT are a cause of FTDP-17, and the mutated tau proteins are(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5)-p35 is a proline-directed Ser/Thr kinase which plays a key role in neuronal migration, neurite outgrowth, and spine formation during brain development. Dynamic remodeling of cytoskeletons is required for all of these processes. Cdk5-p35 phosphorylates many cytoskeletal proteins, but it is not fully understood how Cdk5-p35(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases associated with the pathological aggregation of microtubule-associated protein Tau are classified as tauopathies. Alzheimer disease, the most common tauopathy, is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles that are mainly composed of abnormally phosphorylated Tau. Similar hyperphosphorylated Tau lesions are found in patients with(More)
Neurodegenerative tauopathies, including Alzheimer disease, are characterized by abnormal hyperphosphorylation of the microtubule-associated protein Tau. One group of tauopathies, known as frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), is directly associated with mutations of the gene tau. However, it is unknown why mutant Tau(More)
The phylogeography of the endangered tideland snail Batillaria zonalis in the Japanese and Ryukyu Islands was analyzed on the basis of nucleotide sequences of a mitochondrial gene for cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (COI). Extremely low genetic diversity was found in populations at both the northern and southern boundaries of the geographic distribution of(More)
Septin 5 (Sept5) is a member of the Septin GTPase family and is thought to be involved in exocytosis through interactions with syntaxin 1 in postmitotic neurons. In rats, Sept5 is alternatively spliced to produce a short (Sept5_v2) and long (Sept5_v1) isoform. We recently identified Sept5 in rat brain as a substrate for Cdk5/p35, which phosphorylates Ser17(More)
The expansion of a polyQ repeat within the ataxin-2 protein causes spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2). However, neither the precise pathological mechanism nor the physiological functions of ataxin-2 are known. Ataxin-2 contains 47 (S/T)P sequences, which are targeted by proline-directed protein kinases such as the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5). We(More)
Tauopathies are neurodegenerative diseases characterized by aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau. Previous studies have identified many disease-related phosphorylation sites on tau. However, it is not understood how tau is hyperphosphorylated and what extent these sites are phosphorylated in both diseased and normal brains. Most previous studies have used(More)
Phylogenetic relationships between two sibling species of Japanese tideland snails, namely, Batillaria multiformis from the Japanese Islands and B. flectosiphonata from the Ryukyu Islands, were analyzed on the basis of the nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial gene for cytochrome oxidase I. Populations of B. multiformis were genetically distinct from(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is a multifunctional protein kinase involved in many cellular activities including development, differentiation and diseases. GSK3β is thought to be constitutively activated by autophosphorylation at Tyr216 and inactivated by phosphorylation at Ser9. The GSK3β activity has previously been evaluated by inhibitory Ser9(More)