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We investigated the properties of carbachol (CCh)-activated nonselective cation channels (NSC(CCh)) at the single channel level in the gastric myocytes of guinea pigs using a magnified whole-cell mode or an outside-out mode. The channel activity (NPo) recorded in a magnified whole-cell mode increased with depolarization (from -120 to -20 mV) and had the(More)
In September 2010 a long-range acoustic communication (LRAC10) experiment was carried out in deep water off the Southern California Coast. The experiment involved two mobile components: (1) a source towed slowly at a speed of 2-3 knots at ∼75-m depth and (2) a horizontal line array towed at 3.5 knots at a depth of ∼200 m. Phase-coherent communication(More)
Delayed neuronal death in the CA1 of the hippocampus following global ischemia has been evoked by both the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NR) and the generate reactive oxygen species in the neurons. In the present study, we investigated whether oxidative DNA damages may be correlated with NR subunits (NR1 and NR2A/B) expression following(More)
We monitored caffeine- and histamine-induced [Ca2+]i oscillations by patch-clamp whole-cell recordings of K(Ca)-current in single smooth muscle cells of rabbit cerebral (basilar) artery. Superfusion of caffeine (1 mM) or histamine (1-3 microM) induced periodic oscillations of large whole-cell K-current with fairly uniform amplitudes and intervals.(More)
Long-range orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) acoustic communications is demonstrated using data from the Kauai Acomms MURI 2008 (KAM08) experiment carried out in about 106 m deep shallow water west of Kauai, HI, in June 2008. The source bandwidth was 8 kHz (12-20 kHz), and the data were received by a 16-element vertical array at a distance(More)
Sparse channel estimation algorithms are proposed for underwater acoustic Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) communications in time-varying multipath channels. Following carrier frequency offset (CFO) correction, the proposed algorithms first extract the portion of the time domain signal corresponding to pilot symbols. The Matching Pursuit(More)
During a recent long-range acoustic communication experiment carried out in deep water, multi-carrier Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) communication signals were transmitted with a 50 Hz bandwidth (225-275 Hz) at various source-receiver ranges from 100 to 700 km. The experiment consisted of two mobile components: (1) a source towed slowly(More)
— The MIMO single relay channel consists of a transmitter, a relay, and a receiver, all equipped with multiple antennas, located in an environment with distance-dependent path loss as well as scattering. We describe an optimal and a heuristic algorithm to solve the spatial energy allocation problem for the MIMO single relay channel when the scattering(More)
This paper presents an online 3D modeling and tracking methodology that uses aerial photographs for mobile augmented reality. Instead of relying on models which are created in advance, the system generates a 3D model for a real building on the fly by combining frontal and aerial views with the help of an optical sensor, an inertial sensor, a GPS unit and a(More)