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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a widespread environmental pollutant with many toxic effects, including endocrine disruption, reproductive dysfunction, immunotoxicity, liver damage, and cancer. These are mediated by TCDD binding to and activating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor. In this(More)
High molecular weight homologues of gp91phox, the superoxide-generating subunit of phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase, have been identified in human (h) and Caenorhabditis elegans (Ce), and are termed Duox for "dual oxidase" because they have both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain. A topology model(More)
R-type Ca2+ channels play a critical role in coupling excitability to dendritic Ca2+ influx and neuronal secretion. Unlike other types of voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels (L, N, P/Q, and T type), the molecular basis for the R-type Ca2+ channel is still unclear, thereby limiting further detailed analyses of R-type Ca2+ channel physiology. The prevailing(More)
Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) plays a pivotal role in the signal transduction of various cellular responses. However, although it is undeniably important that modulators of PLC activity be identified, no direct PLC activity modulator has been identified until now. In this study, by screening more than 10,000 different compounds in human(More)
Formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1) plays a key role in the regulation of immune responses. The activation of FPRL1 induces a complicated pattern of cellular signaling, which results in the regulation of several immune responses, such as chemotactic migration and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Because some of these cellular responses(More)
Adipogenesis is a complex process that is accompanied by a number of molecular events. In this study, a proteomic approach was adopted to identify secretory factors associated with adipogenesis. A label-free shotgun proteomic strategy was implemented to analyze proteins secreted by human adipose stromal vascular fraction cells and differentiated adipocytes.(More)
Learning meaningful representations using deep neural networks involves designing efficient training schemes and well-structured networks. Currently, the method of stochastic gradient descent that has a momentum with dropout is one of the most popular training protocols. Based on that, more advanced methods (i.e., Maxout and Batch Normalization) have been(More)
AIMS Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, and peroxiredoxins (PRDX) may be critical in controlling intracellular oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate expressions of PRDX and their hyperoxidized forms in asthmatic individuals. MAIN METHODS The levels of expression of PRDX1, PRDX2, PRDX3, and PRDX6 and their(More)
Metabolic tissues, including skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and the digestive system, dynamically secrete various factors depending on the metabolic state, communicate with each other and orchestrate functions to maintain body homeostasis. Skeletal muscle secretes cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-15, fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) and IL-8.(More)
The neurotoxicity of dithiocarbamates has been previously reported, however, the detailed mechanism underlying the neurotoxicity is still not fully understood. Among the dithiocarbamates, we investigated thiram and ziram in a neuronal-like pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Thiram and ziram strongly induced cell death in both dose- and time-dependent manners(More)