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3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DHPMs) were selected and derivatized through a HIV-1 replication assay based on GFP reporter cells. Compounds 14, 25, 31, and 36 exhibited significant inhibition of HIV-1 replication with a good safety profile. Chiral separation of each enantiomer by fractional crystallization showed that only the S enantiomer retained(More)
Following the previous SAR of a novel dihydropyrimidinone scaffold as HIV-1 replication inhibitors a detailed study directed towards optimizing the metabolic stability of the ester functional group in the dihydropyrimidinone (DHPM) scaffold is described. Replacement of the ester moiety by thiazole ring significantly improved the metabolic stability while(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNA) are one of the most widely used synthetic DNA mimics where the four bases are attached to a N-(2-aminoethyl)glycine (aeg) backbone instead of the negative-charged phosphate backbone in DNA. We have developed a chimeric PNA (chiPNA), in which a chiral GNA-like γ(3)T monomer is incorporated into aegPNA backbone. The base pair(More)
We identified a novel class of aryl-substituted triazine compounds as potent non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) during a high-throughput screening campaign that evaluated more than 200000 compounds for antihuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity using a cell-based full replication assay. Herein, we disclose the optimization of the(More)
Herein we present the long-sought quantitative catalyst-substrate association relationships based on experimentally measured quantitative association preferences of diverse metathesis Mo and Ru catalysts (Mo-1, Schrock Mo; Mo-2, Schrock-Hoveyda Mo; Ru-1, Grubbs first generation Ru; Ru-2, Grubbs second generation Ru; Ru-3:, Grubbs-Hoveyda first generation(More)
Chiral beta-substituted gamma-butyrolactones are known to be important intermediates for many biologically active compounds such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivatives and lignans. We have developed a general, convenient, and scalable synthetic method for enantiomerically pure beta-substituted gamma-butyrolactones, with either configuration, via(More)
Functionality preferences of metathesis Ru carbenes to various alkenes and alkynes with electronic and steric diversity were determined by using time-dependent fluorescence quenching. The functionality preferences depend not only on the properties of multiple bonds but also on the ligands on Ru. There was a good correlation between functionality preference(More)
A nanolithographic approach based on hierarchical peptide self-assembly is presented. An aromatic peptide of N-(t-Boc)-terminated triphenylalanine is designed from a structural motif for the beta-amyloid associated with Alzheimer's disease. This peptide adopts a turnlike conformation with three phenyl rings oriented outward, which mediate intermolecular(More)
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