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This study investigated the anti-amnesic effect of fermented Ganoderma lucidum water extracts (GW) on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in rats. GW were fermented by the lactic acid bacterium Bifidobacterium bifidum (FGWB), followed by Lactobacillus sakei LI033 (FGWBL). To induce amnesia, scopolamine (1 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected into rats 30(More)
A 32-year-old man presented with epigastric pain. He had a previous episode of acute pancreatitis of undetermined cause 2 years earlier. The patient had taken trimethoprim (80 mg) and sulfamethoxazole (400 mg) twice daily because of acute urethritis 3 days prior to admission. No definite cause of acute pancreatitis could be identified on baseline studies. A(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Percutaneous portal vein (PV) stent placement is used to manage PV occlusion or stenosis caused by malignancy. The use of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has expanded to include vascular interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the technical feasibility and safety of EUS-guided transhepatic PV stent placement in a live(More)
Biliary decompression with antibiotic therapy is the mainstay treatment for acute cholangitis with bacteremia. A few studies have been conducted to investigate the optimal duration and route of antibiotic therapy in biliary tract infection with bacteremia. Patients with acute cholangitis with bacteremia who achieved successful biliary drainage were randomly(More)
AIM To elucidate the epidemiological characteristics and associated risk factors of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who were diagnosed with benign PPU from 2010 through 2015 at 6 Hallym university-affiliated hospitals. RESULTS A total of 396 patients were identified with postoperative(More)
BACKGROUND von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple tumors in the central nervous system and visceral organs. In this study, we describe clinical features of pancreatic involvement in VHL disease, of which there have been few reported studies to date. METHODS We reviewed medical records(More)
BACKGROUND Controversies persist regarding the effect of prokinetics for the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD). This study aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of prokinetic agents for the treatment of FD. METHODS Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prokinetics for the treatment of FD were identified from core databases. Symptom response rates(More)
The assessment of malignancies associated with anomalous union of the pancreaticobiliary duct (AUPBD) is essential for the design of appropriate treatment strategies. The aim of the present study is to measure the incidence of AUPBD-related pancreaticobiliary malignancy and to identify predictive factors. This retrospective cohort study included cases of(More)
A 38-year-old woman presented with antiarrhythmic drug-refractory atrial tachycardia (AT). Holter recording demonstrated incessant episodes of AT followed by a long sinus pause. Electrophysiologic study revealed that the earliest endocardial activation was observed at the neck of the left atrial appendage (LAA). After unsuccessful endocardial ablation,(More)