Tae Young Oh

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BACKGROUND Although antisecretory medications such as histamine type II receptor antagonists or proton pump inhibitors have been used to treat reflux oesophagitis, a considerable number of patients do not achieve complete mucosal healing or suffer from either sustained symptoms or ensuing complications, suggesting other damaging factors or impaired mucosal(More)
Though ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated colon cancer develops from dysplastic lesions caused by chronic inflammation, the specific mechanistic link between chronic inflammation and carcinogenesis in colon has not been integrated into molecular understanding. We therefore established an experimental animal model for colitic cancer, and used proteomic(More)
Extracts of Artemisia asiatica Nakai (Asteraceae) possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities. Eupatilin (5,7-dihydroxy-3',4', 6-trimethoxyflavone), one of the pharmacologically active ingredients derived from A. asiatica was shown to induce apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. In the present study, we examined the ability of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Based on our previous studies that Artemisia asiatica extracts exert either antioxidative or cytoprotective actions against non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric mucosal injury, or imposes qualified ulcer healing in an acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model, we investigated the protective effects of(More)
BACKGROUND The facts that the severity of reflux esophagitis cannot be accurately predicted on the basis of acid exposure and acid suppression treatment is not enough for the complete healing, suggested that other damaging factors might be involved in pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis. AIMS The present study was designed to evaluate the oxidative stress(More)
PURPOSE To survive in an ischemic microenvironment with a lower extracellular pH, ability to up-regulate proton extrusion is critical for cancer cell survival. Gastric H+/K(+)-ATPase exchanges luminal K+ for cytoplasmic H+ and is the enzyme primarily responsible for gastric acidification. On the basis of the fact that blocking the clearance of acidic(More)
BACKGROUND Downregulation of TGF-beta receptors is implicated in colon cancer development. Inactivation of either of the two transmembrane serine/threonine kinases, TGF-beta1 types I/II receptors, is now implicated in carcinogenesis, especially gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. METHODS We generated transgenic mice, called pS2-dnRII or ITF-dnRII, of which(More)
Despite evidence that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is closely associated with stress in gastric ulcer patients, the underlying mechanism why ulcer recurrence after stress is augmented especially in patients with H. pylori remains unknown. In this study, we found that oxidative stress played a critical role in the augmented mucosal damage(More)
OBJECTIVES Pancreatic fibrosis is a characteristic feature of chronic pancreatic injury, which is a result of the imbalance between synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays a central role in biosynthesis and turnover of the ECM. In this study, we evaluated the role of TGF-beta(More)
Oxidative damage has long been related to mucosal damages of gastrointestinal tracts and their ensuing carcinogenesis. In spite of treatment with anti-secretory medications for reflux esophagitis, considerable portions of patient did not achieve the complete mucosal healings or suffered from sustaining symptoms or development of dread complication like(More)