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O-linked-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) has emerged as a critical regulator of diverse cellular processes, but its role in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and pluripotency has not been investigated. Here we show that O-GlcNAcylation directly regulates core components of the pluripotency network. Blocking O-GlcNAcylation disrupts ESC self-renewal and(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) provide pacemaker activity in some smooth muscles. The nature of the pacemaker conductance is unclear, but studies suggest that pacemaker activity is due to a voltage-independent, Ca(2+)-regulated, non-selective cation conductance. We investigated Ca(2+)-regulated conductances in murine intestinal ICC and found that(More)
The shift from terrestrial to aquatic life by whales was a substantial evolutionary event. Here we report the whole-genome sequencing and de novo assembly of the minke whale genome, as well as the whole-genome sequences of three minke whales, a fin whale, a bottlenose dolphin and a finless porpoise. Our comparative genomic analysis identified an expansion(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are unique cells that generate electrical pacemaker activity in gastrointestinal (GI) muscles. Many previous studies have attempted to characterize the conductances responsible for pacemaker current and slow waves in the GI tract, but the precise mechanism of electrical rhythmicity is still debated. We used a new transgenic(More)
Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is the most reliable molecular biology technique for assessment of mRNA expression levels. However, to obtain the accurate RT-qPCR results, the expression levels of genes of interest should be normalized with appropriate reference genes and optimal numbers of reference genes.(More)
Previously, we have developed metabolically engineered Escherichia coli strains capable of producing polylactic acid (PLA) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-lactate) [P(3HB-co-LA)] by employing evolved Clostridium propionicum propionate CoA transferase (Pct Cp ) and Pseudomonas sp. MBEL 6-19 polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase 1 (PhaC1Ps6-19). Introduction of(More)
Regulators of G protein signalling (RGS) are involved in the negative regulation of cell activation processes and are involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. To get some further evidence for a role of RGS proteins in platelets, we determined the expression profile of RGS-specific mRNA in rat platelets using reverse(More)
This study was conducted to determine the anti-obesity effects of Zanthoxylum piperitum DC fruit ethanol extract (ZPE) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obese mice fed a high-fat diet. We evaluated the influence of the addition of ZPE to a high-fat diet on body weight, adipose tissue weight, serum and hepatic lipids in C57BL/6 mice. In addition, adipogenic gene(More)
The major objective of this study is to identify fed-batch culture conditions optimal for the production of human interleukin-6 (hIL-6) in a soluble form. Five different expression vectors were constructed for the expression of hIL-6 and hIL-6s fused with NusA, maltose binding protein (MBP), thioredoxin (Trx) or ubiquitin (Ubi). A series of flask cultures(More)
Giant cell tumor of bone is an aggressive tumor characterized by extensive bone destruction and high recurrence rates. This tumor consists of stromal cells and hematopoietic cells that interact in an autocrine manner to produce tumoral osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. This autocrine regulation may be disrupted by novel therapeutic agents. Nonspecific(More)