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Progesterone-induced calcium ion (Ca2+) signals in the neck region of sperm play a pivotal role in promoting sperm motility. Here, we show that a long-lasting Ca2+ signal required for sperm motility in response to progesterone depends on their pH-dependent fusion with prostasomes, which are small vesicles secreted by the prostate. We found that prostasome(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) produces a Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from beta-NAD(+). In this study, we examined the molecular basis of which beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) stimulation induces cADPR formation and characterized cardiac ADPR-cyclase. The results revealed that isoproterenol-mediated increase of(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) produces a Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger, cyclic ADP- ribose (cADPR), from beta-NAD+. A prototype of mammalian ADPR-cyclases is a lymphocyte antigen CD38. Accumulating evidence indicates that ADPR-cyclases other than CD38 are expressed in various cells and organs. In this study, we discovered a small molecule inhibitor(More)
We have previously demonstrated that cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a calcium signaling messenger in interleukin 8 (IL-8)-induced lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. In this study we examined the possibility that IL-8 activates CD38 to produce another messenger, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), in LAK cells, and we showed that IL-8(More)
CD38, a multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of intracellular Ca(2+) messengers, cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), is known to be expressed on platelets. However, the role of CD38 in platelets remains unclear. Our present results show that treatment of platelets with thrombin results in a(More)
Human sperm have to undergo a maturational process called capacitation in the female reproductive tract. Capacitation confers upon the sperm an ability to gain hypermotility and undergo acrosome reaction. Previous studies have suggested that seminal plasma proteins induce the capacitation of sperm in the female reproductive tract for the successful(More)
Activation of CD38 in lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells involves interleukin-8 (IL8)-mediated protein kinase G (PKG) activation and results in an increase in the sustained intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), cADP-ribose, and LAK cell migration. However, direct phosphorylation or activation of CD38 by PKG has not been observed in vitro.(More)
Ca2+ signaling plays a fundamental role in cardiac hypertrophic remodeling, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We investigated the role of Ca2+-mobilizing second messengers, NAADP and cADPR, in the cardiac hypertrophy induced by β-adrenergic stimulation by isoproterenol. Isoproterenol induced an initial Ca2+ transients followed by(More)
Recent rodent and human studies provide evidence in support of the fact that CD157, well known as bone marrow stromal cell antigen-1 (BST-1) and a risk factor in Parkinson’s disease, also meaningfully acts in the brain as a neuroregulator and affects social behaviors. It has been shown that social behaviors are impaired in CD157 knockout mice without severe(More)
NAD glycohydrolases (NADases) catalyze the hydrolysis of NAD to ADP-ribose and nicotinamide. Although many members of the NADase family, including ADP-ribosyltransferases, have been cloned and characterized, the structure and function of NADases with pure hydrolytic activity remain to be elucidated. Here, we report the structural and functional(More)
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