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BACKGROUND Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) to remove bile-duct stones is the most frequently used endoscopic technique. Few reports exist regarding application of large-balloon dilation (LBD) after EST for treatment of patients with bile-duct stones. OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of EST plus LBD with that of EST alone. DESIGN A prospective randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic stent placement is now generally accepted as a palliative method of treatment in unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, exclusively endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents has been considered very difficult and complex. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical and clinical efficacy of endoscopic placement of dual, newly(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Infliximab is currently used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) with an inadequate response to conventional agents. The efficacy and safety of infliximab in Korean patients with UC were assessed. METHODS This was a retrospective multicenter study including all adult patients who received at least one infliximab(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Adequate bowel cleansing is essential for a high-quality, effective, and safe colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and tolerability of split-dose polyethylene glycol with aqueous sodium phosphate for outpatients who underwent scheduled colonoscopy. METHODS In this prospective trial, 207 outpatients (aged(More)
Russell body gastritis was first defined in 1998, but not many cases have been reported since then. The exact causes and process of this condition are unknown yet; however, considering the reported cases, it has been highly suggested to have correlation with Helicobacter pylori infection. Russell body gastritis has a non-specific clinical presentation of(More)
BACKGROUND The endoscopic grade of the gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) is suggested to be a good predictor of reflux status. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the GEFV and gastroesophageal and gastropharyngeal reflux. METHODS A total of 364 patients (151 men and 233 women; mean age, 52.2 years) who underwent endoscopy,(More)
BACKGROUND Uncovered, rather than covered, metal stents are commonly used for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction because of the low risk of stent migration, but tumor ingrowth risk is a major drawback. Few reports address malignant obstruction after gastric surgery. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to compare the technical feasibility and(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors influence bowel preparation quality. Recent studies have indicated that the time interval between bowel preparation and the start of colonoscopy is also important in determining bowel preparation quality. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of the preparation-to-colonoscopy (PC) interval (the interval of time between the last(More)
AIM To ascertain clinical outcome and complications of self-expandable metal stents for endoscopic palliation of patients with malignant obstruction of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. METHODS A retrospective review was performed throughout August 2000 to June 2005 of 53 patients with gastric outlet obstruction caused by stomach cancer. All patients had(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS For decades, thiopurines have been the mainstay of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment and will play an important role in the future. However, complex metabolism and various side effects limit the use of these potent drugs in clinical practice. The Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases developed a set of consensus(More)