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BACKGROUND Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) to remove bile-duct stones is the most frequently used endoscopic technique. Few reports exist regarding application of large-balloon dilation (LBD) after EST for treatment of patients with bile-duct stones. OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of EST plus LBD with that of EST alone. DESIGN A prospective randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic stent placement is now generally accepted as a palliative method of treatment in unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, exclusively endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents has been considered very difficult and complex. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical and clinical efficacy of endoscopic placement of dual, newly(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The endoscopic grading of the gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) has been suggested to be a good predictor of reflux status. Atrophic gastritis is inversely associated with reflux esophagitis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between GEFV, atrophic gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux. METHODS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Infliximab is currently used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) with an inadequate response to conventional agents. The efficacy and safety of infliximab in Korean patients with UC were assessed. METHODS This was a retrospective multicenter study including all adult patients who received at least one infliximab(More)
BACKGROUND Uncovered, rather than covered, metal stents are commonly used for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction because of the low risk of stent migration, but tumor ingrowth risk is a major drawback. Few reports address malignant obstruction after gastric surgery. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to compare the technical feasibility and(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors influence bowel preparation quality. Recent studies have indicated that the time interval between bowel preparation and the start of colonoscopy is also important in determining bowel preparation quality. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of the preparation-to-colonoscopy (PC) interval (the interval of time between the last(More)
Adequate bowel cleansing is essential for a high-quality, effective, and safe colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and tolerability of split-dose polyethylene glycol with aqueous sodium phosphate for outpatients who underwent scheduled colonoscopy. In this prospective trial, 207 outpatients (aged between 18 and 65 years, with(More)
Adverse cutaneous reactions to drugs are frequent, affecting from 2% to 3% of all hospitalized patients. But only about 2% of these cutaneous reactions are severe and seldom are fatal. The term drug hypersensitivity syndrome refers to a specific severe drug reaction, including skin rash, fever, lymph node enlargement, and single or multiple organ(More)
Russell body gastritis was first defined in 1998, but not many cases have been reported since then. The exact causes and process of this condition are unknown yet; however, considering the reported cases, it has been highly suggested to have correlation with Helicobacter pylori infection. Russell body gastritis has a non-specific clinical presentation of(More)
The endoscopic grade of the gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) is suggested to be a good predictor of reflux status. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the GEFV and gastroesophageal and gastropharyngeal reflux. A total of 364 patients (151 men and 233 women; mean age, 52.2 years) who underwent endoscopy, esophageal manometry, and(More)