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The effect of the selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) on stress-induced anorexia and serotonin (5-HT) release in the rat hypothalamus was studied with brain microdialysis. Subcutaneous injection of 8-OH-DPAT (1 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the immobilization-induced anorexia for 3 h, but had no effect(More)
Isolated rat hepatocytes were loaded with the Ca2+ indicator fura-2 to measure cytosolic free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in individual cells by digital ratio imaging microscopy. Stimulation with 0.1 nM vasopressin, 0.5 microM phenylephrine, or 0.5 microM ATP caused repetitive spikes of high [Ca2+]i in a high percentage of cells, in agreement with Woods(More)
1. Line-scan analyses of spontaneous Ca2+ sparks, non-propagating local rises in Ca2+ concentration, and the early phase of Ca2+ transients in cardiomyocytes were performed with a rapid-scanning laser confocal microscope (Nikon RCM8000) and fluo-3. 2. On electrical stimulation, points at which rise in Ca2+ began earliest were observed at regular spacings of(More)
Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid (TRPV) 4 is one of the temperature-sensitive ion channels involved in temperature receptors, and it is known to be activated from 35 to 40ºC. Here we analyzed sperm motility function of Trpv4 knockout (KO) mouse in temperature-gradient conditions to elucidate the thermotaxis of mouse sperm and the involvement of TRPV4(More)
We previously observed Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores caused by reduction in extracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]o). The purpose of this study was to determine whether lowering [Na+]o can elicit Ca2+ release from Ca2+ stores via the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger and to elucidate the mechanisms related to the Ca2+ release pathway in cultured longitudinal(More)
We investigated changes in intracellular pH (pHi) in relation to intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in primary cultured hippocampal neurons treated with glutamate. [Ca2+]i and pHi were imaged with fluorescent dyes and confocal microscopy. Exposure to 1 mM glutamate for 10 min increased [Ca2+]i and evoked acidosis. These changes persisted for at(More)
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